National Education Policy 2020: Major Changes in School and Higher Education; Check Highlights Here

Aarushi Kalra Aarushi Kalra
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The Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank and Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javesdkar presented the highlights of New Education Policy 2020 on July 29, 2020. The Cabinet approved the NEP, which will replace the three-decade-old policy.

The New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 announced today, is developed by an expert committee headed by the academician K Kasturirangan. The policy aims to prepare India as a global superpower.

NEP 2020 is designed to create the educational system that contributes towards the transformation of India into global knowledge power and an education hub.

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New Education Policy (NEP) 2020: Key Highlights for School Education 

The key highlights of the NEP released are listed below:

  • Equitable and Inclusive Education System: Emphasis to the Socially & Economically Disadvantaged Groups
  • National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
  • National Research Foundation (NRF)
  • Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
  • Alternative Pedagogy Structure of 5+3+3+4, consisting of 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/preschool.
  • Stream-based education structure through Multidisciplinary Course Curriculum
  • No rigid separation between Curricular and Extra-Curricular Activities
  • No rigid separation between Vocational & Academic Streams
  • Curriculum to Integrate 21st Century Skills – Mathematical Thinking and Scientific Temper
  • Focus on identification of Gifted Children and their grooming
  • project-based learning, experiential learning
  • Vocational training to begin from 6th Class onwards
  • Internships to be integrated as part of vocational training
  • Kasturba Gandhi Vidyalaya to be upgraded to Class 12
  • Mother Tongue or local/regional language to be the medium of instructions up to class 5

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New Education Policy (NEP) 2020: Key Highlights for Higher Education 

Under the NEP 2020, the government plans to achieve a 50% Gross Enrollment Ratio by 2035.

The key highlights for Higher Education are:

  • Multiple Entry or Exit for students
  • Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education and flexibility of subjects
  • Setting up a Gender-Inclusion Fund to provide equitable & inclusive education
  • Recruitment of Teachers through Robust Methodology
  • M.Phil Program to be discontinued
  • Integrated 5 years Bachelor's program
  • Credit Transfer for Students
  • Academic Bank of Credits to be Created
  • Autonomy to Higher Education as per their NAAC Accreditation
  • Single Regulator for Higher Education – MERU (Modal Multidisciplinary Education & Research University)

The New Education Policy has been designed after taking into consideration the contemporary issues and future challenges that India's education domain faces. Nishank said that the new policy will resolve these issues and will ease further education.

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