National Education Policy 2020: HRD Ministry to be Renamed as Ministry of Education; Approves NEP 2020
The plan for a New Education Policy (NEP 2020) was approved by the Cabinet on Wednesday.
The Cabinet also approved the renaming of the Ministry of Education of the HRD.
On Wednesday, the Union Cabinet gave its nod to global universities to set up campuses in India and a full overhaul of the higher education regulatory system, as well as suggesting, among other things, that stand-alone technical institutions become multi-disciplinary.
According to the sources, the Union Minister for Information and Telecommunications Prakash Javadekar and the Union Minister for Human Resources Development Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank briefed the media today at 4 p.m. on Cabinet decisions.
NEP 2020 seeks to reach a 50 per cent and 100 per cent cumulative enrolment ratio in higher and school education by 2030 and to increase government spending in education by up to 20 per cent over the next 10 years.
NEP addressed the reform of the curriculum and pedagogical framework from the 10 + 2 system to the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system, covering ages 3-18, with a emphasis on language and mathematics in Classes I to III.
The new policy also stipulates that the medium of instruction will be in the mother tongue or local language up to Class V and ideally up to Class VIII and beyond.
A panel chaired by former Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chief K Kasturirangan submitted the draft of the new NEP to Union Minister for Human Resources Development Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' when he took office last year.
The proposal was then placed in the public domain to seek input from various stakeholders, and the HRD Ministry received more than two lakh suggestions on the same issue.
This also proposes that each State / District be encouraged to create Bal Bhavans, where children of all ages may wish to take part, once a week or more often, as a special day-to-day boarding school, in art-related, career-related and play-related activities.
The original NEP was developed in 1986 and revised in 1992.
A new agenda on education was part of the Bharatiya Janata Party manifesto ahead of the 2014 general election.
The draft experts also took into account the report of a panel chaired by former Cabinet Secretary T S R Subramanian and established by the HRD Ministry under the leadership of Union Minister Smriti Irani.