Bachelor of Commerce is an undergraduate degree in Commerce and is offered at Colleges all across the country. The duration for a B.Com. course is 3 years and students who have successfully passed their Higher Seconday Examination can get admission in the program. B.Com. is one of the popular undergraduate courses among students. B.Com. in India is available in three modes – B.Com. (pass course), B.Com. (Honors) and B.Com. (Vocational).
History of Commerce as a subject of education started with establishment of educational institutes by the British in Colonial era. Some pioneers in the area of commerce education were Commerce College in Calicut and Presidency College in Calcutta. Commerce Education began at the University level, with the establishment of Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay. Since then the number of courses in commerce has multiplied with number of students enrolling in Commerce Programs increasing every year.
Commerce is one of the founding pillars of any civilization. The purpose of a B.Com. course is to prepare individuals who are equipped with knowledge and skills related to economics and business management. It helps to provide a variety of managerial skills to an aspiring student.
A B.Com. course imparts the basic knowledge about trade and commerce practices in society and prepares a student for job opportunities in a wide variety of sectors. A B.Com. graduate can work in both public and private sectors. They are fit to work in a variety of industries and take on varied roles like administartion, hospitality, accounting, marketing, retailing, production planning etc.
10+2 with Maths and English as core subjects
Number of Universities
More than 300
Number of students enrolled in Commerce programs
More than 35 Lakh
Tution Fee for three year program
Ranges from 25000 INR to 500,000 INR
1.7 to 8 Lakh INR
With about 700 degree granting universities and 35,000 affiliated colleges, there is a wide array of choice in terms of college and institute. Some of the Top Institutes for Undergraduate Degree in Commerce are:
Students who for some reason can not pursue B.Com. through the regular method can always opt for correspondance mode of study. Some of the top universities in India offer B.Com. (Pass) and B.Com. (Honors) in the correspondence mode also. Some of these universities are:
Ideally a student of B.Com. on graduating is expected to have acquired basic knowledge in a variety of fields related to an organization and business management. A B.Com. degree holder is fit to work in any corporate organization or be self-employed. B.Com. graduates possess a variety of skills like accounting, tally, human resource management etc.
B.Com. (Pass), B.Com. (Honors) & B.Com. (Vocational): What is the difference?
Indian Universities offer three kinds of B.Com. courses – B.Com. (Pass), B.Com. (Honors) and B.Com. (Vocational).
Students are given an in-depth knowledge of subjects and can specialize in subjects like Economics and Accounting etc.
Students are given an overview of the subjects and there is no option for specialization in a particular subject.
It is a skill based and job oriented course and students can specialize in skill-based subjects.
Some of the subjects which form the core part of a Bachelor of Commerce Program are:
Some of the subjects which are available as electives for B.Com. students are:
Some of the subjects in B.Com. (Vocational) are:
Course Delivery Methods
Generally, colleges follow Lecture Method for imparting lessons. However, the total curriculum also includes Class Presentations – solo and group, Seminars, Workshops and Industry Visits.
Not necessarily all students who complete their Bachelor of Commerce degree, settle for a job. Many students aspire for further studies. For such students there are numerous good options available. Below is a list of options available in the academic field after completion of B.Com.
An aspiring student should select one of these courses as per their interest and the career they wish to pursue. There is no dearth of option available for B.Com. graduates, you only need to open your wings.
The basic eligibility for admission to any of the B.Com. programs is a pass in Higher Secondary School Examination with Maths and English as core subjects. However, different universities release cut offs. Cut offs largely depend on the performance of students in the 10+2 exams and the number of qualified students applying to the course. Though, there is no work experience required for the course, students with work experience can also apply.
B.Com. is an undergraduate course and admission process to this course typically starts after the results of Higher Secondary Examinations are declared. Admission to this course is usually merit-based, however, some colleges might conduct Entrance Tests for admission to this course.
Admission Process typically starts in the month of May every year, when universities and colleges release their application form. Entrance Tests are conducted at the end of the month of May or the beginning of June. Results are declared around the mid or end of June and simultaneously admission process starts. Classes begin in the end of July and beginning of August.
A student seeking admission to a B.Com. course will have to go through any of the following processes:
In case of admission through cut-off percentage, students are required to secure equal to or more than the cut-off percentage. In case of Entrance Exams, a student needs to have secured a minimum percentage in 10+2 as prescribed by the university/college.
While some universities release cut offs for admission to the program and offer admission on first come first serve basis, there are many colleges and universities which conduct Entrance Tests. Some of the universities which conduct Entrance Tests are: