Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: A Complete Course Guide

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    Bhavya Rawal

    Study Abroad Expert

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada is a three to the four-year program offered at top universities like UToronto, McGill University, etc. It is designed to help the students in building a foundation in architectural studies. Some of the subject areas covered by universities for architecture in Canada are Design and Construction, Sustainable Design, Structural Engineering, Architectural History, and Regulations and Safety.

    • Bachelor of Architecture in Canadia is available as a Bachelors of Science (BS), Bachelors in Arts (BA), and Bachelors in Architecture (BArch).
    • Total tuition fees of bachelor of architecture in Canadian universities ranges between 94,500 CAD to 230,000 CAD.
    • Average salary of an architect in Canada is 154,000 CAD per annum.

    Why Study Architecture from Canada?

    • 7800 new job openings are expected in Canada for architects in the time frame of 2017-2026. Around 7400 new job seekers including immigrants will enter in the market around same time frame. Thus, there’s going to be a gap between supply and demand. 
    • More than 50% of jobs from the replacement of old architectures will ensure generation of vacancies for new graduates.
    • The basic per hour wage for architects ranges from 20.00 CAD to 59.49 CAD. 
    Hourly Wage in Canada

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Top Universities

    Some of the top universities offering Bachelor of Architecture in Canada, according to the QS News World University Ranking of 2019, are tabulated below: 

    QS Ranking 2019 University Program Total Fee (in CAD)
    29 University of Toronto Bachelor of Arts in Architectural Studies  221728
    35 McGill University Bachelor of Science in Architecture 94572
    173 University of Waterloo Bachelor of Applied Science in Architectural Engineering 206400
    651 – 700 Carleton University Bachelor of Architectural Studies-Design 132244
    801 – 100 Ryerson University Bachelor of Architectural Science- Architecture 115528
    - British Columbia University of Technology (BCIT) Bachelor of Architectural Science 95724
    - Laurentian University Bachelor of Architectural Studies 136376

    Following are some of the universities offering short courses in Canada at the undergraduate level in architecture:

    Thompson Rivers University: Architectural and Engineering Technology Diploma

    New Brunswick Community College: Diploma in Building Engineering Technology

    Algonquin College: Ontario College Diploma in Architectural Technician

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Course Curriculum

    Bachelor of Architecture focuses on teaching students techniques of construction and building material. Domains like cultural history, green architecture and social context are now also included as an integral part of the program.

    Some of the courses which you can study in Canada are:

    • Design Studio
    • Visual and Digital Media
    • Introduction to Cultural History
    • Building Construction
    • Architecture of the Urban Environment
    • Digital Fabrication

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Admission Process

    The admissions to universities in Canada offering architecture at bachelors level require international applicants to complete high school (senior secondary level). International applicants are also required to ensure that they have proof of language proficiency to submit.

    The details of university-specific eligibility are discussed in detail in the sections below:

    University  Eligibility Additional Requirements
    University of Toronto Completed class 12  Supplementary application
    McGill University 60% in class 12; Maths and Physics Portfolio, supplementary application
    University of Waterloo 70% in each- maths & physics, 75% in English and overall grade 80% in class 12 Portfolio, interview
    Carleton University English, Physics, Maths in Class 12. (Calculus-recommended) Portfolio
    Ryerson University English, Physics, Maths in Class 12. (Calculus-recommended) Portfolio, writing & sketching exercises
    British Columbia University of Technology 60% in class 12; 67% in English Questionnaire, self-assessment form, portfolio
    Laurentian University English and Maths in class 12 Portfolio, 1-2 page statement of interest, 2 references

    English Proficiency Requirement for International Students

    International students are required to submit one of the following test scores as proof of English proficiency for admission in Bachelor of Architecture in Canada:

    • IELTS: 6.5
    • TOEFL (iBT): 80 to 92

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Admission Decisions 

    Admissions to Bachelor of Architecture in Canada are highly dependent on the high school grades, portfolios, and fulfilment of core subject requirements. This means that international students should ensure that subjects like maths, physics, calculus, and English are a part of their high school curriculum. If this requirement is not met the chances of admissions to the program are reduced.

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Cost of Study

    The major costs experienced by study abroad aspirants include the cost of undertaking various exams, tuition fees and cost of living. The detailed cost bifurcations are given below.

    Pre-arrival Cost

    Students have to undertake a few tests for applying in Canadian universities such as IELTS, GRE, etc. Their registration, airfare and visa fee are listed below:

    The cost of the exam varies depending on the place of application. Study permit cost includes biometric fees.

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Tuition Fees

    Given below is a graph that compares the annual tuition fees for the top universities offering Bachelor of Architecture in Canada:

    Tuition Fees

    Cost of Living in Canada

    The cost of living in Canada for international students contributes drastically to their expenditure. This cost is highly dependent on the type of accommodation one chooses. Given below is a table detailing the costs of living in various accommodation types:

    Housing Type Cost (CAD)
    On-Campus 6000
    Homestays 9600
    Dormitory 7500
    Private 8400

    Housing contributes to 25% of the expenditure. The remaining is books & material costing around 1800-2000 CAD (yearly). The food & beverages cost around 3,000 to 4,000 CAD monthly (depending on the lifestyle).

    Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Scholarships

    The Canadian Universities offer a wide range of scholarships and prize awards to international students studying Bachelor of Architecture and thus supports them financially.

    Some of these scholarships in Canada for international students are mentioned below:

    University Scholarship Amount Offered (CAD)
    University of Toronto

    Seite & Mary Kole Kerim Scholarship;

    UToronto Future Leaders Scholarship



    McGill University

    Maureen Anderson Prize in Architecture;

    Sheila Baillie Scholarship in Architecture 



    University of Waterloo International Student Entrance Scholarship President’s Scholarship 2000 to 10,000 
    Carleton University Cyril M. Leeder Award Varies
    Ryerson University President's Entrance Scholarships  10,000/yearly
    BCIT BCIT Entrance Awards No awards to freshman 
    Laurentian University Architecture Design Prize Varies

    For details on other scholarships available for studying in Canada, click here.

    Bachelor in Architecture in Canada: Scope

    Once you have completed a bachelor's in architecture, you can plan your masters in architecture from Canada or you can choose to work in Canada. As per the salary trends for the past 4 years, the average annual salary for architects has increased by an additional 4% annually (2016-2019).

    Some of the high paying jobs in Canada post your bachelors are listed below with the average salary band: 

    Job Title Average Annual Salary (CAD) Job Title  Average Annual Salary (CAD)
    Architect 116,200 Architectural Technician 119,000
    Architectural Designer 107,900 Architecture Consultant 120,000
    Architectural Drafter 91,000 Architecture Estimating Manager 128,000
    Architectural Manager 145,600 Architecture Specifications Writer 83,000
    Assistant Architectural Manager 128,000 Design and Decoration Assistant 98,800
    CAD Manager 117,000 Drafting Supervisor 101,000
    Landscape Architect 113,000 Facility Planner 120,000
    Interior Design Assistant 81,500 Interior Designer 124,000

    Some of the best cities in Canada, like Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Winnipeg, Ontario, and Quebec have a particularly high demand for this occupation. This is because of the construction driven economic boom experienced by these cities.

    With the high demand of architects, a number of universities offering the degree and various job prospects available after pursuing it, studying Bachelor of Architecture in Canada appear to be a promising and rewarding degree for the students interested in building a career in this field.


    Ques. Name some best architecture universities in Canada.

    Ans. University of Toronto, McGill University, University of Waterloo, Carleton University and Ryerson University are some of the top-ranking universities offering bachelor in architecture in Canada.

    Ques. How long does Bachelor of Architecture in Canada takes to complete?

    Ans. Bachelor in Architecture in Canada takes 3-4 years to complete. Masters and diploma from Canadian universities require a duration of 1.5 to 2 years and 6 months to 1 year respectively. 

    Ques. What are the admission requirements for Bachelor of Architecture in Canada?

    Ans. International students are required to have a minimum 60% score in 10+2 with maths and physics as compulsory subjects. English is also required as a compulsory subject at high school level in some universities. 

    Ques. Is there a demand for architects in Canada?

    Ans. According to the report of Job Bank of Canada, 7,800 new jobs are expected to be created in this country between 2017-2026.

    Ques. How much does an architect earn in Canada?

    Ans. The average salary of an architect in Canada is 154,000 CAD per annum. You can work as Designer, Drafter, Manager, Interior Designer, Landscape Architect, etc after completion of Bachelor in Architecture in Canada.