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Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Complete Course Guide

Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
Study Abroad Expert

A Bachelor of Architecture is designed to help the students in building a foundation in architectural studies. Bachelor of Architecture in Canada is a three to the four-year program offered at top universities like UToronto, UBC, etc.

  • It covers different subject areas such as Design and Construction, Sustainable Design, Structural Engineering, Architectural History, and Regulations and Safety.
  • International students are offered admissions for the fall session.
  • Bachelor of Architecture in Canadian Universities is available as a Bachelors of Science, Bachelors in Arts, and Bachelors in Architecture.

Table of Content

1. Why Study Architecture from Canada
2. Top Universities
3. Eligibility & Admission
4. Cost of Study
5. Scholarships
6. Scope

Why Study Architecture from Canada

  • 7800 new job openings are expected in Canada for architects in the time frame of 2017-2026.
    • New job seekers in the same time frame will be around 7400 including immigrants.
  • More than 50% of jobs from replacement ensure generation of vacancies for new graduates.
  • The basic per hour wage for architects ranges from 20.00 CAD to 59.49 CAD. The hourly wage-range in various regions of Canada is compared below:
Regions V/s Wage/Hour

Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Top Universities

Some of the top universities offering the architecture as a bachelor's degree are listed below. Given below is a table discussing the rankings, program offered, and total cost of the program in Canadian Universities.

UniversityQS World University Ranking 2019ProgramTotal Fee (in CAD)
University of Toronto29Bachelor of Arts in Architectural Studies (4 years)221728
McGill University35Bachelor of Science in Architecture94572
University of Waterloo173Bachelor of Applied Science in Architectural Engineering206400
Carleton University651-700Bachelor of Architectural Studies-Design132244
Ryerson University801-100Bachelor of Architectural Science- Architecture115528
British Columbia University of Technology (BCIT)-Bachelor of Architectural Science95724
Laurentian University-Bachelor of Architectural Studies136376
Other UG programs in Canada
Thompson Rivers University1561Architectural and Engineering Technology Diploma-
New Brunswick Community College10227Diploma in Building Engineering Technology-
Algonquin College-Ontario College Diploma in Architectural Technician-

Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Eligibility and Admissions

The admissions to Bachelor of Architecture in Canada require international applicants to complete high school (senior secondary level). International applicants are also required to ensure that they have proof of language proficiency to submit. The details of university-specific eligibility are discussed in detail in the sections below:

University of Toronto

Ranking #1 (Nationally) UToronto is one of the best public universities in Canada. The university is ranked #39 by QS World Rankings for Undergraduate Architecture programs across the globe. The basic details of the program eligibility and admissions to UToronto are as follows:

UTorontoBSc Architecture
Application Fees180
EligibilitySenior secondary school certificate, year 12 board results. 
English language proficiency IELTS- 6.5 TOEFL: 100 & 22 on writing CAEL: 70, part score 60
Document RequiredTranscripts, test scores, supplementary application
DeadlineJanuary 10 for 2020 September intake

McGill University

Nationally ranking #2, McGill is also recognized in QS World Ranking for UG architectural program #45. The eligibility and admissions details are as follows:

McGill UniversityBachelors of Architectural Studies
Application Fees114.37
EligibilitySenior secondary school certificate, Minimum 60% grade, Mathematics and physics in 11 and 12th. 
English language proficiency IELTS- 6.5 TOEFL: 90
Document RequiredTranscripts, test scores, supplementary application, portfolio
Deadline March 7

The portfolio should be submitted as per university’s instruction within an envelope marked Architecture Portfolio.

University of Waterloo

Ranking within the top 150 global universities offering undergraduate architecture program, the University of Waterloo is one of the top 10 universities in Canada. The details of admissions are as follows:

University of WaterlooArchitectural Studies (Honors)
Application Fees-
EligibilityMinimum final grade of 70% in each- maths & physics, 75% in English and overall grade 80% in class XII Interview
English language proficiency IELTS- 6.5 TOEFL: 90, 25 in speaking & writing CAEL: 70, band score 60
Document RequiredTranscripts, test scores, portfolio 
DeadlineJanuary 15

The university reviews applications in March and contacts around the top 400-500 students only. You will be invited to send the portfolio and appear for an interview if you make it to this list.

Carleton University

Applications at Carleton are based on fulfilling program-specific requirements along with general international admission requirements. The details for the same are as follows:

Carleton University Architectural Studies (Honors)
Application Fees100 CAD
EligibilityEnglish, Physics, Maths as a part of Class 12. (Calculus-recommended)
English language proficiency IELTS- 6.5 TOEFL: 86, 22 in speaking & writing CAEL: 70, band score 60
Document RequiredTranscripts, test scores, portfolio 
DeadlineOctober 15

Ryerson University

Nationally ranked #26, Ryerson University offers BArchSc (Bachelors of Architectural Sciences) as a co-op & full-time program. The admission requirements and eligibility for the same are as follows:

Ryerson University Architectural Sciences
Application Fees90 CAD
EligibilityEnglish, Physics, Math, Calculus as a part of Class 12. (Calculus-recommended)
English language proficiency IELTS- 6.5 TOEFL: 92-93 CAEL: 70
Document RequiredTranscripts, test scores, portfolio, writing & sketching exercises, 
DeadlineFebruary 1

Admission Decisions

Admissions to Bachelor of Architecture in Canada are highly dependent on the high school grades, portfolios, and fulfillment of core subject requirements. This means that international students should ensure that subjects like maths, physics, calculus, and English are a part of their high school curriculum. If this requirement is not met the chances of admissions to the program are reduced.

Cost for Studying Bachelor of Architecture in Canada

International high school graduate planning to study in Canada may spend an annual cost of INR. The major costs experienced by international students include the cost of various exams & others that are faced once tuition fees and cost of living. The detailed cost bifurcations are given below.

Pre-arrival Cost

Students have to undertake a few tests for applying in Canadian universities such as IELTS, GRE, etc. Their registration, airfare, visa and application are listed below:

The cost of the exam varies depending on the place of application. Study permit cost includes biometric fees.

Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Tuition Fees of Top Colleges

Given below is a graph that compares the annual tuition fees for the top universities offering Bachelor of Architecture in Canada:

Annual tuition Fee V/S University

Cost of Living in Canada

The cost of living in Canada for international students contributes drastically to their expenditure. This cost is highly dependent on the type of accommodation one chooses. Given below is a table detailing the costs of living in various accommodation types:

Housing TypeCost (CAD)

Housing contributes to 25% of the expenditure. The remaining is books & material costing around 1800-2000 CAD (yearly). The food & beverages cost around 3,000 to 4,000 CAD monthly (depending on the lifestyle).

Bachelor of Architecture in Canada with Scholarships

The Canadian Universities offer a wide range of scholarships and prize awards to international students studying Bachelor of Architecture. Some of these scholarships are mentioned below:

ScholarshipAmount offered (CAD)University
Seitali & Mary Kole Kerim Scholarship UToronto Future Leaders Scholarship1250
University of Toronto
Maureen Anderson Prize in Architecture Sheila Baillie Scholarship in Architecture 400
McGill University
International Student Entrance Scholarship President’s Scholarship10,000 2000University of Waterloo
Cyril M. Leeder AwardVariesCarleton University
President's Entrance Scholarships 10,000/yearlyRyerson University
BCIT Entrance AwardsNo awards to freshman BCIT
Architecture Design PrizeVariesLaurentian University

For details on other scholarships available for studying in Canada, click here.

Bachelor of Architecture in Canada: Scope

Once you have completed a bachelor's in architecture, you can plan your masters in architecture from Canada. You can also work in Canada. As per the salary trends for the past 4 years, the average annual salary for architects has increased by an additional 4% annually (2016-2019). Some of the high paying jobs in Canada post your bachelors are listed below with the average salary band.

Job TitleAverage Annual Salary (CAD)Job Title Average Annual Salary (CAD)
Architect116,200Architectural Technician119,000
Architectural Designer107,900Architecture Consultant120,000
Architectural Drafter91,000Architecture Estimating Manager128,000
Architectural Manager145,600Architecture Specifications Writer83,000
Assistant Architectural Manager128,000Design and Decoration Assistant98,800
CAD Manager117,000Drafting Supervisor101,000
Landscape Architect113,000Facility Planner120,000
Interior Design Assistant81,500Interior Designer124,000

Some of the best cities in Canada, like Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Winnipeg, Ontario, and Quebec have a particularly high demand for this occupation. This is because of the construction driven economic boom experienced by these cities.

With the high demand of architects, a number of universities offering the degree and various job prospects available after pursuing it, studying Bachelor of Architecture in Canada appear to be a promising and rewarding degree for the students interested in building a career in this field.

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