MS in Anaesthesiology is a 3-year postgraduate course in a surgery. The course is offered at most of the country’s medical universities recognized by the MCI. Holders of the degree are licensed to practice and conduct surgery as part of medical treatment. The course focuses on utilization of drugs that minimize pain by causing numbness in the affected region.
The program involves components of study such as ambulatory anaesthesia, cardiothoracic anaesthesiology, paediatric anaesthesiology, neuroanaesthesia, obstetrical anaesthesiology and pain management.
Enrolled students need to undergo a long period of medical training prior to practicing.
Final selection to the course is based on the candidate’s entrance test scores, academic profile and performance in interview. The mode of admission is a relevant entrance examination carried out by different universities. The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10 and 60 Lacs.
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired as:
They are employed in fields like universities, hospitals, clinics, government organisations, research organisations, etc., with an average annual starting salary ranging between INR 2 and 30 Lacs, increasing with experience in the field.
Tabulated here are the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Eligibility||MBBS degree from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of a relevant entrance tests (AIIMS, NEET, etc.)|
|Course Fee||INR 1.5 Lacs p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 2 to 30 Lacs p.a.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Apollo hospital, Ganga Hospital, UPSC, and AIIMS, etc.|
Anesthesiologists work alongside surgeons during operations, assist patients in post-surgery recovery, offer emergency intervention in trauma departments, and help ease the agony of childbirth. Anaesthesiology, today, is a vast speciality in medical science with its subspecialties ranging across:
Some of the top institutes offering the course in the country, along with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each, are listed below.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|Mahadevappa Rampure (MR) Medical College||Gulbarga||INR 15 Lacs (course)|
|AIIMS||Delhi||INR 10,000 (course)|
|Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital (HTMCH)||Bhubaneswar||INR 5.5 Lacs (course)|
|Amrita School of Medicine (ASM)||Coimbatore||INR 2 Lacs (course)|
|Maharajah's Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS)||Vizianagaram||INR 10.5 Lacs (course)|
|MES Medical College||Perinthalmanna||INR 52 Lacs (course)|
Candidates wishing to pursue the course are needed to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria listed below in order to apply for the course:
Interested eligible candidates are offered admission to the course in India mostly on the basis of a relevant entrance test. Often subsequently, two additional rounds of Group Discussion and Personal Interview are held as part of the counselling procedure, wherein the candidate’s general aptitude for the course is examined. A merit list is then released, allotting available seats to qualifying candidates. Some such exams held in the country for admission to the course are:
A year-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Anatomy||Relevant anatomy of each system|
|Principles of physics and use of equipment in anesthesia||Physics of equipment used in anesthesia|
|Physiology||Sterilization of equipment|
|Pharmacology||Computers, Utility, computer assisted leaning and data storage. Computerized anesthesia records.|
|Biochemistry||Pharmacology of drugs used in cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, renal diseases and CNS disorders.|
|Documentation and medico-legal aspects of anesthesia.||Acid-base and electrolyte balance|
|Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation;||Interpretation of blood gases and other relevant biochemical values|
|Neonatal resuscitation.||various function tests and basics of measurement techniques, ECG|
|Introduction to Research methodology, Random clinical trials etc. and basics of biostatistics.||Pediatrics — Prematurity, Physiology, anatomy of neonate vs. adult.|
|Preoperative assessments and medication - general principals.||Principles of monitoring equipment used for assessment of|
|Introduction to anatomical physiological, pharmacological and biochemical aspects of pain and pain management.||Working principles of ventilators.|
|Introduction to artificial ventilation.||Special anesthetic techniques as relevant to outpatient anesthesia, hypotensive anesthesia, anesthesia in abnormal environments and calamitous situations.|
|Oxygen therapy||Anesthetic management in special situations - Emergency, ENT, Ophthalmology, Obstetrics, Obstetric analgesia. Plastic, Dental.|
|Introduction to the operation theatre, concepts of PACU and ICU.||Radio-diagnosis and Radiotherapeutic procedures and patients with systemic diseases.|
|Recovery from anesthesia.||Medical statistics relevant to data collection, analysis, comparison and estimation of significance.|
|Shock – pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis and management.||Journal clubs.|
|Pulmonary function tests - principles and applications.|
|Principles of pediatric anesthesia, management of neonatal surgical emergencies, RA in infants.||Anesthesia for otorhinolaryngology with special emphasis on difficult airway management.|
|Basics of orthopedic anesthesia.||Blood and blood component therapy. Anesthetic implications in coagulation disorders.|
|Day care anesthesia.||Monitored anesthesia care.|
|Rural anesthesia - anesthesia for camp surgery.||Anesthetic implication in Diabetic mellitus, thyroid and parathyroid disorders, pheochromocytoma, Cushing disease etc.|
|Anesthesia outside the OR and in special situation||Principles of geriatric anesthesia|
|Principle of management in Trauma, disorders and mass casualties|
|Anesthesia for patients with severe cardiac, respiratory, renal and hepatobiliary disorders posted for unrelated surgery||Principles of neonatal ventilation and critical care.|
|Specialty Anesthesia||Principles of human resources and material management.|
|Principles of anesthetic management of neuro / cardiac / thoracic / vascular/ Transplantation / burn and plastic surgery.||General principles of medical audit|
|Principles of one lung anesthesia.|
Anesthesiologists are physicians who control and administer anesthesia prior to a surgical procedure. They are only needed only during the operations and they are not required to stay in the hospital for hours on end.
As preoperative physicians, anesthesiologists also work in:
They also oversee the provision of ventilation, fluid management, all vital systems of unconscious patients as well
Some of the top professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR per year|
|Associate Consultant||A Consultant Anaesthetist’s job plan includes (on a full-time basis and subject to job planning) five half day clinical commitments to theatre lists, urgent work, and other sessions, including some flexible, daytime, and out-of-hours emergency covers organised on a rota basis.||3,43,000|
|Cardiac anesthesia||Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiologists are responsible for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of new-borns through adult patients who undergo heart and chest surgery and other related invasive procedures.||1,800,000|
|Anesthesiologist||Anaesthesiologists are the physicians trained in administering and managing the anaesthesia given during a surgical procedure. They are also responsible for managing and treating changes in critical life functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure - as they are affected by the surgery being performed.||1,180,000|
|Anesthesia Technician (AT)||Job duties might vary as per an Anaesthesia Technician's skill level, as well as the state and type of facility of employment. In general, Anaesthesia Technicians clean, sterilize, test, calibrate, and troubleshoot anaesthesia equipment, as well as keep records of equipment inspections.||7,20,000|
|Anesthesiologist Assistant (AAs)||An Anaesthesiologist Assistant is a health care professional who works under the supervision of an Anaesthesiologist, primarily assisting him while he prepares a patient for anesthesia.||2,200,000|