MS in ENT is a 3- year postgraduate course in medicine pursued upon completion of MBBS with a 1-year internship.
Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose and throat) is a division of medicine which involves the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders. Subjects studied as part of this course are Anatomy and Physiology of the ear, nose, and throat, Pathophysiology of common disorders of the ear, nose and throat, and research-based evidence generation.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s test score, academic profile, and performance in the round of interview. The mode of admission is a relevant entrance examination carried out at the university level. The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 16 Lacs for the full course.
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in roles such as Teaching/Research Assistant, ENT Specialist, Sr. Medical Coder, Medical Scientist and Research Assistant.
Such graduates can find lucrative employment opportunities in universities, hospitals, clinics, government organisations, and research organisations with an average starting salary ranging between INR 2 and 30 Lacs per year, increasing with experience in the field.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Eligibility||10+2, MBBS from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of entrance tests (AIIMS, NEET, etc.)|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000 to 16 Lacs (course)|
|Average Starting salary||INR 2 to 30 Lacs p.a.|
|Top recruiting companies||Apollo Hospital, Ganga Hospital, UPSC, AIIMS, etc.|
Candidates applying for the course would ideally have the following skills:
This surgical specialization involves the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders. Such professionals are called Otorhinolaryngologists, Otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons.
Enrolled students are trained by means of technical theories and practical lab sessions relevant to the discipline, besides the coverage of a comprehensive syllabus and rotational postings in Oral-Maxilla-facial Surgery, Neuron-surgery, and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, as well as a research project in the field of Otorhinolaryngology.
Successful pursuance of the course trains students in treating infections, disorders (hereditary & acquired) and allergies relating to the ear, nose and throat. These specialists are also trained in performing surgeries on the face and the larynx (voice box) to help clear hearing problems, as also cosmetic surgeries, like chin augmentation and hair transplantation.
Otalaryngologists also treat cases of laryngomalacia, throat and thyroid cancer, hereditary disorders, sinus infections, and swallowing disorders. They counsel patients undergoing treatment, and long and complex surgeries. ENT problems are more frequent in children and infants, and therefore a super specialization in paediatric ENT is a specialized discipline much pursued too.
Specializations in ENT include the following areas:
Mastoidectomy and Stapedectomy are also part of ENT training. DNB and MCH (Oncology) programs are super specialization ENT courses for specialists.
Sub-specialization for such graduates are available in any one of the major such organs.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each:
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|JIPMER||Delhi||INR 3,000 (course)|
|AIIMS||Delhi||INR 10,000 (course)|
|PGIMER||Maharastra||INR 4,000 (course)|
|Kasturba Medical College||Udipi||INR15 Lakh(course)|
|Dayanand Medical College and hospital||Ludhiana||INR 18 Lakh (course)|
|M. N. Institute of Medical Science and research||Haryana||INR 14 Lakh(course)|
As a minimum criterion of eligibility, students aspiring to pursue the course need to have completed:
The admission process for the course is varied, as various institutes have their very own criteria and processes of admission. Admission to the course is often based on the candidate’s obtained merit at the level of MBBS, and sometimes, on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam, followed by a round of counselling, based on performance in which, students are admitted.
some such entrance exams conducted in the country are listed here.
Given here is a division of the theoretical and practical components of the course.
|Nose and Paranasal Sinuses|
|Pharynx and esophagus|
|Larynx and tracheobronchial tree|
|Imaging and Radiology|
|Microbiology as related to ENT|
|Wound healing principle|
|Intensive care in ENT patients|
|Anesthesia in ENT|
|Biomaterials used in ENT|
|Medical negligence in otolaryngology|
|Principle of chemotherapy|
|Principle of radiotherapy|
|Principle and use of nuclear medicine|
|Principles of laser surgery|
|Nose and paranasal sinuses|
|Oral cavity and Salivary Glands|
|Pharynx and Esophagus|
|History taking pertaining to Otolaryngology and examination|
Besides practice in government and private organizations, private practice, and research, such professionals can also pursue teaching in universities and colleges.
ENT Specialists also examine medical and surgical disorders of the ear, nose and throat, assist eye surgeons, neurosurgeons and general surgeons in complex cases, check on progress of patients, perform surgeries on voice box and face, and treat hearing disorders.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary in INR per year|
|ENT Specialist||ENT Specialists diagnose and treat conditions that involve the ears, nose, throat, head, and neck. They teat balance and hearing problems, respiratory infections, and thyroid problems.||4 to 12 Lacs|
|ENT Assistant||They have teaching, service, and scholarship responsibilities with primary teaching opportunities in areas such as Kinesiology, Anatomy, Cardiovascular/Pulmonary, Paediatric.||3 to 7 Lacs|
|Medical Scientist||A Medical Scientist's job is to discover new methods of enhancing human health by means of research and deductions.||5 to 7 Lacs|
|Research Assistant||Research Assistants use multiple streams of data to find information. By using legal documents, published research papers and internet, information is collected.||3 to 5 Lacs|
|Otolaryngologist||They examine patients' ear, nose, throat, sinuses, larynx, and general head and neck-related disorders. They perform head and neck surgeries for a variety of conditions, and provide treatment plans for conditions as varied as hearing loss, allergies, cancer, and disorders of taste and smell.||3 to 15 Lacs|