Ph.D. (Geology) - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    SCIENCE

  • DURATION

    3 YEARS

  • COURSE

    Geographical Sciences

  • COURSE TYPE

    Doctorate/M.Phil

    Doctor of Philosophy in Geology Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

    Pranjal Singhal Pranjal Singhal
    Content Curator

    Doctor of Philosophy or Ph.D. (Geology) is a 3-5 years doctorate program which prepares students for various Geoscience careers. Geology comprises the study of Mineralogy, Palaeontology, Structural Geology, and Geomorphology.

    The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing the course is a Master’s degree in the areas such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university with 55% aggregate marks.

    Some of the institutes that offer the course in India are listed below:

    Admission to the course is based on merit obtained by candidates at master’s level. Some government institutes also conduct entrance exam for providing admission.

    The average tuition fees charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10,000 to 2 lacs. However, successful doctorates can expect anything between INR 2.5 lacs to 9.5 lacs as average starting salary which increases with their experience and expertise.

    Such students are hired in the job positions such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydro geologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists.

    Ph.D. (Geology): Course Highlights

    The following table comprises some major highlights of the course:

    Course LevelDoctorate
    Duration3-5 years
    Examination TypeSemester system/ Year wise
    EligibilityMaster’s degree from a recognized university with at least 55% marks.
    Admission ProcessMerit Based/ Entrance Test
    Course FeesINR 1 lakh to INR 2 lacs
    Average Starting SalaryINR 2.5 lacs to INR 9.5 lacs
    Top Recruiting CompaniesGeological Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Ltd., Indian Bureau of Mines, Indian Space Research Organization, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited.
    Top Recruiting AreasResearch & Educational Institutes, Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources, Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology or Oceanography.
    Job PositionsVolcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydro geologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists

    Ph.D. (Geology): What is it about?

    Geology is the study of the Earth in which students study about Earth materials, how materials are made of, and processes that affect them over time. Students who are engaged in the study of geology are known as Geologists.

    After getting a doctorate degree from reputed institutes or universities students can work both in domestic as well as international areas.

    Students enrolled in the course are taught to:

    • Work in deserts, ocean floors, mountains etc.
    • Indentifying rock, minerals and fossils
    • Measure Earth’s gravity and magnetic field
    • Research for natural gas and minerals

    Top Institutes offering Ph.D. (Geology)

    The following table shows the list of top institutes in India that offer the course:

    Name of InstituteCityAverage Annual Fees in INR
    Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi, Uttar Pradesh19, 000
    Central University of KarnatakaGulbarga, Karnataka20, 000
    Gulbarga UniversityGulbarga, Karnataka12, 395
    JIS UniversityKolkata, West Bengal
    Karnatak UniversityKarnataka12, 010
    M.G. Science InstituteAhmedabad, Gujarat9000
    Maharaja Ganga Singh UniversityBikaner, Rajasthan9000
    MES Ponnani CollegeKerala 22, 600
    Mizoram UniversityMizoram17, 650
    Mohanlal Sukhadia UniversityUdaipur, Rajasthan30, 500
    National College TrichyTamil Nadu39, 650
    NIMS UniversityJaipur, Rajasthan1, 05, 000
    Osmania UniversityHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh3000
    Panjab UniversityChandigarh12, 000

    Eligibility for Ph.D. (Geology)

    All the interested students are required to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria in order to apply for the course which is as below:

    • Postgraduate degree in a relevant area such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university.
    • Minimum 55% marks for general category in master’s degree
    • Minimum 50% marks for SC/ ST/ OBC category candidates

    Ph.D. (Geology): Admission Process

    Admission to the course is strictly done on the basis of marks obtained by candidates in master’s degree. However, different universities or colleges have different admission rules.

    Some of the universities conduct an entrance examination followed by a round of personal interview for admission to the particular course on the basis of which students are shortlisted.

    Ph.D. (Geology): Syllabus and Course Description

    The following table shows the detailed syllabus of the program:

    Name of the CourseTopics Covered
    Review of LiteratureNeed and process of systematic review of Literature to understand Regional and Local-Geology, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy, Structural and Tectonic Setting, Mineral Deposit and Hydrogeology etc.
    Geological SurveyingNature and scope, Important Field Equipment, Toposheets, Geological Mapping Methods, Base Map, Collection of Geological and Structural Data
    Remote SensingApplication of Remote Sensing Techniques in Geological Studies
    tSamplingPurposes and Types of Samples, Techniques of Sampling, Sampling Patterns, Preparation of Samples for further studies
    MicroscopyPreparation and Studies of Thin sections and Polished sections, Types of Microscopes and their Applications in Geology.
    Geochemical AnalysisGeochemical Techniques and Instruments for Analyses of Rocks, Soils and Water Samples.
    Geo-Scientific WritingPre-Writing Stage: Scientific Paper, Technical Report, Illustrations (Maps, Line Diagrams, Graphs, Photographs) Writing Stage: Qualities of Scientific Paper, Aids to Writing, Writing Practices. Post Writing Stage: Oral and Poster Presentation, Modes of Preparation and use of various kinds of Oral Aids, Poster Presentation

    Ph.D. (Geology): Career Prospects

    Geologists can start working in industries related to Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources. Students can also work in a college and universities as a teacher. There are some other areas where students can work like Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology or Oceanography.

    The following table shows the various job positions along with corresponding salaries and description:

    Doctor of Philosophy in Geology annual salary
    Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Pay Scale in INR
    Petroleum GeologistsThe duty of Petroleum Geologists is to discover location and amount of useful fuel such as Oil and Natural Gas in sediments or reservoirs4, 93, 325
    Environmental GeologistsThey study the Physical characteristics and composition of earth and its natural resources4, 50, 000
    Earth Science TeacherEarth Science Teacher teaches the course in Physical Sciences except Physics and Chemistry3, 01, 462
    Hydro geologistsThey help in study the location, movement, and quality of water formations below the surface of earth5, 00, 000

    Ph.D. (Geology) Fee Structure in India


    4.67 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES2.7 L (Maximum Fee)
    78.62 K (Average Fee)
    22.27 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES10.5 L (Maximum Fee)
    1.84 L (Average Fee)

    Ph.D. (Geology) Fee Structure by State


    Maharashtra

    47.17 KPUBLIC COLLEGES93 K
    70.09 K
    2.25 LPRIVATE COLLEGES2.25 L
    2.25 L

    Eligibility Of the Ph.D. (Geology)

    Post Graduation

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