A PHD Chemistry, in any kind of reputed Indian university will take about six to complete, and according to the UGC, three years is the shortest duration to be awarded with a degree.
Students who are interested in pursuing Chemistry at this level must have a master’s degree, and some colleges have also set a minimum percentage criteria like 55%, which can vary from college to college.
Another thing to note regarding admission is that colleges also ask for your UGC NET or GATE score to offer admission to PHD Chemistry.
The fees of a PHD Chemistry course varies from college to college, but it mostly sits between INR 80,000-3 LPA, as the average fees annually.
In most PHD Chemistry courses, the focus is primarily on independent research and students are also left to decide their own courses. Some courses that students can choose from include physical biochemistry, inorganic chemistry, advanced analytical chemistry, organic synthesis, physical organic chemistry,and etc.
The table given below lists some of the top ranking colleges for PHD Chemistry in India, according to US News.
|NIRF Ranking||College Name||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees||Average Placement Offer|
|2||Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore)||JAM/JEET scores||35,200||10 LPA|
|4||Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay)||GATE/UATE/UGC-NET score, written test and personal interview||73,000||20.34 LPA|
|5||Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur)||Written test followed by an interview||28,900||30 LPA|
|6||Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||Entrance Based||64,050||22 LPA|
|9||Indian Institute of Technology (Roorkee)||GATE/GPAT/UGC-NET/JRF scores, and interview||28,500||13.16 LPA|
After completing their PHD Chemistry, students’ salaries can variably hike up according to the experience that they have gained, so the average starting salary is about INR 15 - 20 LPA and in some cases, even more.
Students are presented with the opportunities to get employed at environment consultancies, forensic science labs, pharma companies, food and drink industry, plastic and polymer companies, educational institutes, and scientific research organizations.
The top recruiters for this course include companies like Aditya Birla, TATA Chemicals, ITC, Hindustan Unilever, Reliance, Dr. Reddy, P & G, and etc.
To get admitted into any top university like IISc Bangalore, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay, etc offering a PHD Chemistry, students need to sit for entrance exams. The admission process continues with a personal interview, and if they score well, they can also get a scholarship.
Given below are the basic steps regarding the PHD Chemistry admission process followed by the top colleges of India:
Step 1: Applications
Step 2: Entrance Exams
Step 3: Results of Entrance Exams
Step 4: Interview and Enrollment
|Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) Admission, 2020||Indian Institute of Technology (Roorkee) Admission, 2020|
The eligibility criteria for a PHD Chemistry are:
If a student is seeking admission for a PHD Chemistry in India, it is necessary that they qualify the required entrance exam.
Some universities have their own exam like Lovely Professional University has LPUNEST, and the national level entrance exams conducted for this course are the UGC-NET and GATE.
Other than those, there is also the CUCET which is a common entrance test for central universities.
|Name of the exam||Application Period||Exam Date||Exam Mode|
|LPUNEST||May 23-July 22, 2020||July 24 & July 26, 2020||Online|
|CUCET||March 16-June 6, 2020||To be notified later||Offline|
|UGC-NET||March 16 - June 30, 2020||To be announced||Online|
|GATE||September-October 2020||February 2021||Online|
How to prepare for PHD Chemistry entrance exams?
The PHD Chemistry Entrance Exam will consist of 60 objective MCQs. In this exam, there will be 3-4 choices of answers and students will have to choose the correct answer from the given choices.
The maximum marks that this paper will carry is 100 marks. Students will have only three hours to finish writing their exams. The PHD Chemistry Entrance Exam tests students on three main topics:
Given below are some tips on how to prepare for the entrance exams:
How to get admission in a good college?
The highlights of the PHD Chemistry course are as follows:
|Course Level||Doctorate Degree (Ph.D.)|
|Full-Form||Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry|
|Duration||3 or 6 years|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exam|
|Course Fee||INR 80,000-3 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 15 - 20 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Chemical Industries, Food Industries, Chemical Research Organizations, etc.|
|Job Positions||Staff scientist, Chemist, Chemistry Professor, Research Specialists, etc.|
Following are some of the perks of pursuing a PHD Chemistry in India:
The table below displays a comparison between PHD Chemistry and PHD Organic Chemistry on various parameters:
|Parameters||PHD Chemistry||PHD Organic Chemistry|
|Qualification||Doctorate Level||Doctorate Level|
|Full Form||Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry||Doctor of Philosophy in organic Chemistry|
|Objective||This course covers all topics that come under the subject Chemistry as a whole.||This course helps to equip and introduce organic fundamental subjects so that a strong foundation is laid.|
|Duration||3 to 5 years||3 years|
|Examination Type||Semester Based||Semester Based|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 80,000-3 LPA||INR 60,000- 2 LPA|
|Eligibility||Master’s Degree||Master’s Degree|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exam Based||Entrance Exam Based|
|Colleges||Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore), IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee, IIT Kharagpur, etc.||Changu Kana Thakur Arts, Commerce and Science College, GITAM, Indian Institute of Spices Research (Calicut), Konkan Gyanpeeth College of Arts, Commerce and Science, etc.|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 15 - 20 LPA||INR 10 - 16 LPA|
|Job Roles||General chemist, research chemist, production chemist, industrial production, professor, government regulator, etc.||Research chemist, research associate, synthetic organic chemist, analytical chemistry, associate, chemistry project assistant, organic chemistry professor, etc.|
Source: University Website and Payscale
Tabulated below are some of the top colleges offering PHD Chemistry in India:
|College Name||City||Average Annual Fees (INR)||Average Annual Salary (INR)|
|Indian Institute of Science||Bangalore||35,200||10 LPA|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Bombay||73,000||20.34 LPA|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Kharagpur||28,900||30 LPA|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Kanpur||64,050||22 LPA|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Roorkee||28,500||13.16 LPA|
|National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli- [NITT]||Tiruchirappalli||59,250||13 LPA|
|Chandigarh University||Chandigarh||85,000||16 LPA|
|Jadavpur University||Kolkata||30,000||10 LPA|
|Amity University||Noida||1,00,000||4.5 LPA|
|Lovely Professional University||Jalandhar||95,000||10 LPA|
The table given below compares the top PHD Chemistry Colleges in India based on parameters like the ranking, average annual fee, top recruiters, placements, etc.
|Parameters||IISc Bangalore||IIT Bombay||IIT Roorkee|
|College Overview||It is renowned for its academic freedom, focus on research excellence, and the high quality of its faculty and students.||Research and academic programmes are driven by an outstanding faculty, reputed for their research internationally.||It is among the institutes of national importance in higher technological education and in engineering, basic and applied research.|
|Average Annual Fee||INR 35,200||INR 73,000||INR 28,500|
|Average Annual Package||10 LPA||20.34 LPA||13.16 LPA|
|Top Recruiters||SIEMENS, TATA, MathWorks, Reliance, L&T, etc.||ITC, Unilever, Piramal, TATA, etc.||Google, Amazon, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft, etc.|
The college faculty usually assists students with their independent research work, and students can also choose to work under their professors as assistants to gain more experience. By doing so they will gain a better understanding of what kind of work they will have to do if they want to become a professor as well after the completion of their PHD.
The PHD Chemistry syllabus is as follows, however it can vary depending on the college a student is planning to attend. The PHD course is based on research, and also learning through experience, hence no books can be specified for the same.
|Subjects To Be Studied|
|Recent Trends in Chemistry|
Students spent a great deal of time researching in a laboratory, and have an incredible understanding of how scientific equipment is used throughout the course duration. Therefore, after the completion of the course, students now have all the skills necessary to secure a high paying PHD Chemistry Jobs in India.
Various PHD Chemistry Jobs in India are available in various industries, like food and drink, research labs, pharma companies, educational organizations, etc.
Some of the top companies known for PHD Chemistry recruitment are listed below:
The table below shows some of the prime PHD Chemistry Jobs, along with the description of the roles and average salary offered.
|Job Role||Job Responsibilities||Average Annual Salary (INR)|
|Chemical Researcher||Researchers formulates the thesis for their research by finding the new chemical solution for a particular issue for solving global or private problems.||14 LPA|
|Medical Technologist||Medical Technologists are capable of finding new chemical formulations for the benefit of treating diseases for the welfare of the people.||10 LPA|
|Junior Scientist||Junior Scientist come up with various new findings and report documents with their experience and interest in the field||11 LPA|
|Research Chemist||These professionals study compounds and use this research to create as well as improve processes and products, from drugs and medical treatments to manufactured goods such as cosmetics, electronics, food and drink.||13.75 LPA|
|Forensic Chemist||Analyzes non-biological trace evidence found at crime scenes to identify unknown materials and match samples to known substances||16 LPA|
|Government Regulator||Ensures that products are manufactured and distributed in compliance with appropriate legislation.||20 LPA|
The scope of a PHD Chemistry relies upon you, and your interests. Chemistry is not exactly a small field, and includes a variety of other fields. With a PHD Chemistry degree you make a career in chemistry engineering, organic chemistry, natural chemistry, analytic chemistry, etc.
After completing their PHD Chemistry students can choose to continue in the above mentioned sectors, be a part of any university’s faculty of their choice, or go to a foreign university to work on research projects if you have an interest in working in a laboratory.
Further study options for a PHD Chemistry are offered nationwide, with plenty of research programmes as well as other training programmes. Students can pursue further research in any Chemistry related field that they are interested in, like organic chemistry, inorganic synthesis, etc.
The future scope for this course is huge, as there are companies who are always on the lookout of new and fresh talent, who are pursuing research in various undiscovered fields - there is always something new to bring to the table.
Ques. How hard is a PHD Chemistry?
Ans. When you decide to get involved in a Ph.D. programme, it basically means that you have a genuine interest in the subject. So it is not about how difficult obtaining a doctorate degree in Chemistry will be, as it requires your full commitment, it only depends on your level of interest in the subject.
Ques. How many years does it take to complete a PHD Chemistry in India?
Ans. If you’re studying in a reputed institute, a Ph.D. can usually take you six years to complete, or even less than that, i.e, three years.
Ques. What degree is required to be eligible for PHD Chemistry?
Ans. A PHD in Chemistry requires students to have completed their master’s degree in science, or an M.Phil in Science
Ques. What is the minimum percentage required by colleges for admission?
Ans. Most of the top colleges have the minimum percentage scored criteria as 55%, but it can vary from college to college.
Ques.What are the career options after pursuing a PHD Chemistry?
Ans.Other than pursuing your own independent research work, and working alongside fellow scientists, as well as becoming a Chemistry professor, there are various openings in R&D sectors in various FMNC like Patanjali, Dabur, HUL. You can also look for job opportunities at pharma companies, like Dr. Reddy, and etc.
Ques. Does doing a PhD in Chemistry limit your options in the industry?
Ans. No, they do not, as attaining a doctorate degree adds more credibility to your research work, and can also widen your career options, as well as opportunities.
Ques. Is a PhD Chemistry worth doing if you are not planning to become a professor?
Ans. In terms of prospective careers, teaching is not the only option, through a Ph.D. you can get into various other positions with a Ph.D. like mentioned earlier, you could become a researcher, or a scientist, chemist, and work at food and drink industries, pharma companies, and etc.
Ques. Are scholarships offered for a Chemistry PHD?
Ans. Depending on students’ score in the entrance exams and their application overall, universities may choose to offer scholarships based on the students’ merit.
Ques. Which entrance exams are required for PHD Chemistry?
Ans. Based on the college that a student is trying to get admission in, they have to give exams like UGC-NET, GATE, and some also conduct their own exams like Lovely Professional University has LPUNEST, etc.
Ques. Can we get admission in IIT for PHD Chemistry, by clearing GATE and NET?
Ans.Yes, because all IITs require candidates to clear entrance exams, before passing them on to the interview list.
Ques. Is a PHD Chemistry research based?
Ans. Almost all PHD programs are research based, especially Chemistry, as it requires students to do independent research with the assistance of their respective university’s faculty.