Ph.D. in Biotechnology is a 3 to 5-year doctoral course. Minimum eligibility for pursuance of the course is the successful completion of post-graduation in Biotechnology, completed from a recognized university.
Some of the top institutes that offer the course in India are listed here:
Admission to the course is based on the round of counselling conducted by various Ph.D. Biotechnology Colleges after the candidate’s qualification of a relevant entrance test, such as CSIR- UGC NET.
The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 50,000 to 4,00,000 for a span of 4 years. Successful graduates of the course can expect anything between INR 4 to 20,00,000 as annual salary in the industry, increasing with experience and skillset.
Such professionals are popularly hired in capacities such as:
Commonly, areas of employment for such professionals include:
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Duration||3 to 5 years|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||Post-graduation in Biotechnology|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of CSIR- UGC NET.|
|Course Fee||INR 50,000 to 4,00,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4 to 20,00,000 per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Services, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Hospitals, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.|
|Job Positions||Analytical chemist, Biomedical scientist, Healthcare scientist, Clinical biotechnologist, Clinical research associate, Forensic scientist, Physician’s associate, Research scientist (Life sciences), Scientific laboratory technician, Toxicologist, among others.|
The course involves an advanced, research-based study of the discipline of Life & Basic Sciences, and allied disciplines of microbiology, and related technology.
A biochemist’s role field of expertise can encompass a wide range of scientific topics, including stem cell research, genetic research, immunology, pharmacology, forensics, cancer research, environmental science, and food science. This interdisciplinary program aims at academically exploring biological processes (reproduction, aging, and genetics) in terms of their chemical identity for easier comprehension.
Biochemists study and assess the external environmental influences that hugely effect all living things. A biochemist’s research embraces a large field of study at both micro-levels (studying carbohydrates, enzymes and fats and their functions at the cellular level) and macro-levels (studying respiration, metabolism), and more or less everything else related to the living body’s biological processes.
Biotechnology plays an important role in a wide variety of areas. In industry, biotechnology is often a collaborative field. Biochemists typically work with professionals from various fields such as scientists, engineers, marketing and sales teams, legal professionals, and many such others.
Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|Mount Carmel College, Bangalore||Bangalore||-|
|Shiv Nadar University||Greater Noida||INR 2,96,000|
|National Institute of Technology, Surathkal||Mangalore||INR 1,04,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar||Ahmedabad||INR 4,55,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad||Telangana||INR 3,34,000|
|Lovely Professional University||Punjab||INR 39,500|
|IIT Delhi||Delhi||INR 3,50,000|
|NIT, Silchar||Silchar||INR 17,620|
|Jaipur National University||Jaipur||INR 57,150|
|DIT University||Dehradun||INR 75,800|
|SRI RAMACHANDRA UNIVERSITY||Chennai||INR 75,000|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology||Surat||INR 1,27,000|
|Periyar Maniammai University||Thanjavur||INR 40,500|
|Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Subharti Medical College||Meerut||INR 1,30,000|
|Amity University||Jaipur||INR 40,000|
|Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts & Science||Coimbatore||INR 18,000|
|St. Xaviers College||Kolkata||INR 29,500|
|IFTM University||Moradabad||INR 40,000|
|Santosh University||Gaziabad||INR 3,00,000|
|Sharda University||Noida||INR 10,00,000|
Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.
M.Sc. in disciplines consistent with the research areas of the department.
In India universities have rights to set their own procedure and standards for admission to Ph.D. programs. But the set of requirements for the application are similar. These include a compulsory research proposal, detailing the proposed outline of the candidate’s Ph.D. project, and explaining the methodology one plans to employ.
Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview. Admission process generally varies across institutes.
However, candidates are mostly selected based on performance in the CSIR-UGC/ CSIR (JRF)/ NET/ GATE, etc. examinations, and subsequent rounds of Personal Interview.
A paper-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.
|Bio techniques, Computer Applications and Research Methodology|
|Molecular Biology: A general idea of recombinant DNA techniques, fundamental techniques of genetics, PCR & RT PCR, southern, western and northern blot, DNA & RNA sequence analysis.||Bioinformatics & Biostatistics: Computational concept for analysis of large data sets, protein & nucleic acid, computational sequence analysis, drug protein and nucleic acid docking mechanisms. Protein and protein nucleic acid interactions. Protein array and protein chips.|
|Measure of central tendency, dispersion and variability. Correlation coefficient, probability theory. ANOVA one way and two-way classification.|
|Protein Biotechnology: Spectroscopic methods, Fluorescence, circular Dichroism, and mass spectrometery.|
|Electrophoresis, PAGE, SDS PAGE. Electron microscopic techniques, SEM, TEM freeze fracture technique, Ultracentrifugation, sedimentation velocity, sedimentation coefficient, sub cellular fractionation. Experimental approach in the determination of protein sequence analysis.|
|Unit-IV Genomics: Genomics of prokaryotes & eukaryotes, functional genomics, pharmaco-genomics, pharmaco-genetics, system biology. Drug transport models. Immuno-electrophoresis & immunoblotting.|
|A course designed for each candidate related to the area of research||A critical review on the assigned subject of research.|
|A viva-voce examination on the review written by the candidate as well as areas related to the topic of research.||A research-review before the committee|
Such professionals are gainfully employed across both public and private sectors. Popular areas of employment include:
Related Ph.D. Biotechnology courses are:
Read more about Ph.D. Courses
Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Biotechnologist||A Biotechnologist’s techniques or activities vary depending on the employer or specialist area, but may include analysing samples from various sources to provide information on compounds or quantities of compounds present.||2,98,326|
|Research Scientist||Research Scientists work in almost every area of science imaginable. They plan and carry out experiments and investigations in a range of areas, including geoscience, medical research, meteorology, and pharmacology.||1,473,953|
|Clinical Scientist||Clinical scientists, often also referred to as Medical Scientists, work in hospitals, laboratories, research centers, institutes, universities, and clinics. Clinical Scientists work to advance knowledge in biomedical research, medicine, and the processes that drive and support living organisms, though they may also work to develop products, treatments, and medications based on such knowledge.|
Typical duties of Clinical Scientists include devising and carrying out research and experiments, and supervising assistants and lab techs.
Also, they draft, implement, and evaluate guidelines, conduct tests, and perform many other duties, depending on their work environment and specific role.
|Research Assistant||Research Assistant working across government or private laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals or facilities connected to the growing field of biotechnology.|
Though jobs involving a high level of research will require an advanced degree, there are still many jobs at the assistant or technician level open to those with graduate degrees.
|Chemist||He or she may develop products such as synthetic fibers, drugs and cosmetics.|
Research chemists create and improve processes and products, such as cosmetics, electronics and drugs.
The results can also be used to improve current scientific developments or to further, enhance or re-evaluate current scientific theory. Research chemists utilize advanced lab equipment and computers to conduct their analyses.
|Clinical Laboratory Technologist||Clinical Laboratory Technologists use their backgrounds in biotechnology to conduct experiments on bacteria, viruses, and microorganisms.|
Technologists may perform tests on levels of compounds in human blood, monitor growth of bacteria, or examine the effects of drugs on viruses.
Depending on the laboratory environment they are in, these professionals may be involved in a broad range of studies, or specialize in a specific field, such as bacteriology or virology.
Clinical Laboratory Technologists may find employment in government health agencies, drug manufacturing companies, or health care facilities.
|Biotechnology Professor||Lab research and teaching jobs can also be found at universities and medical schools. University professors must balance their time between designing research, managing lab and teaching. Senior professors often have other administrative duties as well, such as acting as academic deans or department heads, designing department curricula and sitting on academic committees.|
Tenure-track faculty positions at 4-year universities usually require a Ph.D. and several years of postdoctoral research experience. Lecturer positions at 4-year universities and tenure-track positions at 2-year colleges may only require a Master's degree. Faculty positions at medical schools usually require an M.D.
|Medical Research Scientist||Research Scientists typically require either a Master's degree or Ph.D. in a subject like Biotechnology, Technology, Molecular Biology or Analytical Technology. Independent research positions could require a Ph.D., several years' worth of experience in a postdoctoral position, and a portfolio of published research.|
A job involving clinical work where scientists interact with patients in a medical capacity requires professionals to hold a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), and a State license to practice medicine.
Positions bridging the gap between research and clinical medicine may require both an M.D. and a Ph.D.
|Medical Biotechnology Technician||Technician positions are available in both research and clinical laboratories. Technicians in clinical labs can perform routine tests and sample analysis, then communicate the results to doctors.|
In research laboratories, they perform simple experiments and sample preparation. Lab technicians can also operate and maintain lab equipment and may manage lab inventory.
A Medical Biotechnology Technician’s position generally requires a Bachelor's degree in Biology or a related field. Some employers accept an Associate's degree or certificate when accompanied by a relevant number of years of work experience, but advancement past a certain level of responsibility in this field is generally not possible without a 4-year degree.
|Pharmaceutical Sales Representative||Pharmaceutical Sales Representatives combine their knowledge of medical drugs and treatments with their interpersonal skills to generate sales for pharmaceutical companies.|
Sales Representatives typically are in charge of coordinating meetings with doctors and medical staff. These professionals travel to hospitals, health care facilities and pharmacies to present a product or treatment.
Sales Representatives generally have acquired product knowledge through employer or manufacturer-sponsored training courses.