M.Sc. in NGO Management primarily focuses on the management of the organization, setting up of goals and objectives for NGO activities, thorough understanding of the organizational framework of NGOs, and distribution of portfolios among its members. NGO Management also involves devising of strategies and operational pathways, supervision and planning of financial and other policies and various other programmes of the organization.
The course includes topics such as Healthcare Management, Basics of NGO Management, Management Functions, Project Management, Fundamentals of Accounting etc.
Duration of the course is 2 years including 4 semesters. To be eligible for admission to the course, candidates are only required to have completed 10+2 and acquired a graduation degree, both from recognized educational institutes of India. Admission to the course is based on counseling based on marks scored in entrance tests of the respective colleges. The fee charged for the course is different for every college and the average fee per year is INR 5 Lacs.
Program specializations include HR Executive, Trust Manager, Manager- Corporate Responsibility etc.
Top companies hiring successful post- graduates of M.Sc. in NGO Management are UNICEF, WHO, CRY etc. Aspiring engineers with this degree can earn an average annual salary of 6 Lacs.
The basic course highlights for M.Sc. in NGO Management are tabulated below.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Admission Process||Entrance Test for colleges|
|Course Fee||INR 4 Lacs to 7 Lacs|
|Average Starting salary||INR 1 Lacs to 9 Lacs|
|Top recruiting companies||UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO etc.|
About M.Sc. in NGO Management
Over the years, the environment in the social sector has changed such that community needs are growing in scale and diversity. Organizations are facing financial crunches of various kinds because traditional forms of funding are shrinking and becoming less reliable. More nonprofit organizations are competing for government and philanthropic funds. Funders and donors are demanding more accountability.
Societies are constantly searching for innovative and efficient ways to provide socially important services in health, education, social services, environment and community development. With the emergence and growth of cross- sector partnerships, there is a growing realization that there is a way to combine the very best of the not-for-profit, philanthropic world with the very best of the non- for- profit, enterprising world. This hybrid is the way of the future for both profit and nonprofit organizations. In the face of this new reality, an increasing number of forward-looking nonprofits/ NGOs are beginning to appreciate the increased revenue, focus and effectiveness that can come from adopting ‘for- profit’ business approaches. Increasingly, they are rediscovering themselves as social entrepreneurs, combining ‘the passion of a social mission with an image of business-like discipline, innovation, and determination’.
M.Sc. in NGO Management: Course Objectives
The primary objectives of an M.Sc. in NGO Management are listed down below.
NGO Management is a job carrying an advanced level of responsibility and answerability. Ideal candidates are expected to be dedicated to helping the public in odd circumstances. The structures of NGOs differ significantly from one organization to the next. Today, with hi-tech developments in communications, locally-based groups referred to as grass-roots organizations or community based organizations have become active at national international levels. NGOs are carriers of social movement within a civil society. The major objective of an NGO is the management of the organization, creation of goals and aims of NGO activities, achieving a thorough understanding of the organizational framework of NGOs, and distribution of portfolios among its members. Professionals of NGO Management work out strategies and operational pathways, direct and plan financial and other policies and various other programs of the organization. Manage and running an NGO in today’s world is a challenging field and quite complicated. NGOs require experts equipped with a wide ambit of knowledge, skills and strategies to achieve results, to improve their impact and to remain successful in the work they perform. There are numerous NGO Management schools which provide training for experts towards effective NGO management.
NGOs1 can broadly be categorized into two groups:
The function of operational NGOs is to organize resources in the form of financial donations, materials or volunteer labor in order to maintain their projects and programs. This process may necessitate the presence of a multifaceted organizational set up. Employees are needed to manage finance obtained from grants or contracts, governments, foundations or companies, and require time and skill for planning strategies, preparing applications, budgeting, accounting and reporting. Major fund-raising activities need skills in advertising, media relations and public- mobilization. Operational NGOs must have an efficient headquarter- administration in place, in addition to operational personnel in the field.
Another type of NGOs are the advocacy NGOs which perform similar functions, but with a different balance between the components. Fund-raising is a major part of the NGO’s activity but it is done on a smaller scale and can serve the representative function of increasing the donors' recognition with the cause. Their major focus is to convince people to contribute their time towards the cause in question.
Listed in the table below are some of the institutes in the country offering M.Sc. in NGO Management, along with their respective locations and the fee charged by each.
|Name of the Institute||City||Fees (Full Course)|
|Amity Institute of NGO Management, Amity University||Noida||INR 5 lacs|
|IMTS||Bangalore||INR 2 lacs|
|Karl Kuebel Institute for Development Education||Coimbatore||INR 2 lacs|
|Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management||Kolkata||INR 1.5 lacs|
|Tata Institute of Social Sciences||Mumbai||INR 1 lakh|
|University of Delhi||Delhi||INR 70,000|
|University of Rajasthan||Rajasthan||INR 60,000|
|Jamia Millia University||Delhi||INR 80,000|
|Annamalai University Directorate of Distance Education||Tamil Nadu||INR 80,000|
|Madurai Kamaraj University||Tamil Nadu||INR 2 Lacs|
|Bharathidasan University Centre for Distance Education||Tamil Nadu||INR 3 lacs|
Eligibility for M.Sc. in NGO Management
Although the eligibility criteria for M.Sc. in NGO Management vary from college to college, they mostly depend on the factors mentioned below:
For enrolling for an M.Sc. in NGO Management, applicants are only needed to have passed class 10+2, and to have completed their graduation in any discipline from a recognized institute.
Candidates who have only passed class X and have at least 3 years of work experience with an NGO are also eligible to apply for this course.
Admission Process for M.Sc. in NGO Management
Interested candidates can apply online by entering the required personal and academic details. Admission is carried out through counseling based on rank obtained in the entrance test.
The main areas of study in M.Sc. in NGO management are aimed at aiding enrolled students in understanding the subject in detail from a very realistic point of view. The various benefits of pursuing M.Sc. in NGO Management are listed here:
After completing the course, successful candidates may find work at NGOs and organizations involved in social welfare activities. Job roles include NGO Worker, Volunteer and Community Worker.
One may also find work in Government- run schemes and projects aimed at uplifting the society on fronts like healthcare and education. In India, there is a wide scope for NGO management. Abroad as well, there are a lot of opportunities within well-known organizations, some of the top international organizations are listed below:
Some of the most popular NGOs in India that hire successful post- graduates of M.Sc. in NGO Management are listed below along with their domains of specialization:
In India, the NGO sector is widely spread all over the country, particularly in remote and rural areas. There are different types of NGOs in India specializing in areas such as the volunteer sector, grass root organizations, civic society, private voluntary organizations, Transitional Social Movement Organizations and self-help groups (SSG).
Employment Opportunities After M.Sc. in NGO Management
NGOs today have a highly corporatized structure with different levels of hierarchy. Usually the person starts as a Research Fellow depending upon his/her professional qualifications. Climbing up the hierarchy he/she can become group leader and later team leader. Many professionals join NGOs at a later stage of life in the capacity of goodwill ambassadors or advisors. There is definitely no maximum age limit for being employed at an NGO but certain minimum qualifications are required nonetheless.
Some of such professional avenues are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Profile||Average Monthly Pay in INR|
|Manager- Corporate Responsibility||1 Lakh|
|Impact Manager||1 Lakh|
|General manager - NGO||4 Lacs|
|Manager- Corporate Partnership||1 Lakh|
|Development Manager- Fund Raising||2 Lacs|
|Trust Manager||1 Lakh|
|NGO Programmer Manager||60,000|
On an average a social worker engaged with an NGO earns about INR 5000 at the starting of his/her career. However, in most of the cases, one’s salary depends on the magnitude of the organization. In a smaller organization one may have to start at a salary of INR 3000 to 6000 per month. While those hired as personnel and labour welfare officers can draw a starting pay of INR 7000 or more.
The curriculum for M.Sc. in NGO Management is essentially divided into two parts:
There are 4 theory papers of 100 marks each and project- based Viva-Voce Examination carrying 100 marks, as is detailed below:
(1) Theory Papers comprise the following areas-
(2) Project Report Based Viva- Voce-
A unique theme is decided for every student in consultation with the faculty before the commencement of the examination.
Subjects Covered in M.Sc. in NGO Management:
Here’s a list of the subjects covered within the M.Sc. in NGO Management academic program –
Paper I Non-Governmental Organizations & Civil Society
Unit-I NGO’s: Definition, Concept, Objectives & Types, Genesis and Present Status of NGO’s , Role of NGO’s, History of NGO’s in India, NGOs’ Movements in Other Countries Unit-II Concept of Civil Society, Role of Civil Society in Social Change, Social Movement in India: Women's Movement, Dalit Movement, Peasant Movement etc.
Unit-III Human Rights: Definition, Concept & Scope, National Human Rights Commission, Right to Information, Gender Equality: Status & Issues
Unit-IV Media: Definition, Concept & Scope, Media Management, Role of Electronic Media in Social Change, Role of Print Media in Social Change
Paper-II Management of NGO's
Unit-I Management: Definition, Nature, Scope & Significance, Levels of Management, Functions & Principles of Management, Role of a Manager, Managerial Skills
Unit-II Organization: Definition, Nature and Types & Structure, Leadership: Definition, Objectives, Types & Function, Traits of People Centred Leadership, Motivation: Definition, Types & Significance.
Unit-III Planning: Concept, Objectives, Scope & Significance, Limitations of Planning, Steps in Planning, Meaning of Authority, Responsibility & Accountability, Centralization & Decentralization: with Special Reference to NGO's
Unit-IV Team Building: Concept & Significance, Role of Effective Team Building in Management of NGOs, People's Participation: Concept, Meaning and Objectives, Role of People's Participation in Community Development, Understanding Self: Formulation of Self Concept, Dimension, Component, Self- Assessment: Analysis & Action Plan
Paper - III NGO’s: Legislation, Agencies & Programmes
Unit-I Societies Registration Act,1860 Charitable Endowments Act, 1890 (with Charitable Endowments (Central) Rules, 1942 Cooperative Societies Act, 1912 Company Act,1956 (Some Relevant Part) Indian Trust Act, 1882
Unit-II FCRA: Foreign Contribution Regulatory Act, Income tax Act 1961: Nature and Scope of Section 10, Income Tax Exemption: Under Sections 11 and 12, Rebate under Sections 80G and 35AC of Income Tax Act.
Unit-III UN Agencies, Donor Agencies, Other International Agencies, World Bank, IMF and Asian Development Bank
Unit-IV Major Schemes of the Government of India in Various Sectors, Role of NGOs and Criteria for NGOs’ Support.
Paper-IV NGOs: Financial & Project Management
Unit-I Accounting: Concept, Meaning, Nature, Function & Accounting Equation, Concept of Double Entry, Accounting Cycle, Preparation of Voucher, Journal, Ledger & Trial Balance Receipts & Payments, Balance Sheet, Income & Expenditure Account, Statement of Affairs Unit-II Requirement, Types of Funds, Understanding the Role of Funding Agencies Technique & Sources for Fund Raising, Tools of Financial Analysis: Ratio, Liquidity, Activity, Capital Structure, Profitability Ratio, Cash Flows Statement (AS3) Documentation & Recording Partnership: Concept, Types, Role & Technique
Unit-III Cost Accounting: Elements, Classification, Allocation & Cost Sheet. Cost Benefit Analysis, Project Management: Concept, Goals, Function, Categories, Phases, Perfect Life Cycle, System Development Cycle, Criteria for Project Selection, Identification of Projects Technical, Commercial, Economical & Financial Management Appraisal
Unit-IV Network Technique & Scheduling: PERT, CPM, GERT Project Control: Process, Function Auditing / Examination. Causes for Failure, Risk in Project, Process, Project Termination PLA / PRA: Meaning, Process & Significance Monitoring & Evaluation