Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Naval architecture & Ocean Engineering) - Course Overview




    4 YEARS


    Ocean & Marine Engineering



Updated On - January 7th 2019 By SAKSHI GUPTA

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Colleges, Jobs and Scope

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering is 4- year long undergraduate engineering program aimed at preparing students in the concepts of design and construction of marine crafts and structures. CET is conducted for admission to the course. The course is divided evenly into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. During each semester, students are taught separate sets of theoretical subjects and also exposed to practical lab sessions.

Top Institutes offering this course:

The minimum eligibility for admission to B. Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering is a class 12th/ Higher Secondary qualification with Biology, Maths, and Chemistry as main subjects. The mode of admission is a relevant entrance examination carried out by different universities such as JEE Main, UPSEE, AIEEE and other State-level examinations. The average tuition fee charged in India for this course ranges between INR 3 to 6 Lacs annually.

Successful graduates of the course are hired by firms like Mazagon Dock Limited, Garden Reach Shipbuilders Engineers Ltd, Bharati Shipyard Ltd, Larsen & Toubro Limited, Shipping Corporation of India Ltd and Goa Shipyard Limited. They are hired in capacities such as Port Manager, Chief Marine Engineer, Technical Superintendent etc. Average starting salary offered to such graduates lies generally between INR 4 to 10 Lacs per year, which increases with experience in the field.

Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Naval architecture & Ocean Engineering)

B.Tech. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level



4 years

Examination Type

Semester System


10+2 with science subjects

Admission Process

Based on counseling after clearing Entrance Tests (JEE Main, AIEEE, AICET and IMU CET) for different colleges

Course Fee

INR 1.5 Lakh p.a.

Average Starting salary

INR 1.8 to 2 Lakh p.a.

Top recruiting companies

Mazagon Dock Limited, Garden Reach Shipbuilders Engineers Ltd., Bharati Shipyard Ltd., Larsen & Toubro Limited, Shipping Corporation of India Ltd., Goa Shipyard Limited

Job Description

Port Manager, Chief Marine Engineer, Technical Superintendent, Marine Surveyor, Ship Operator and Second Marine Engineer

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: What Is It About

The course aims at preparing Naval Architects and Offshore Engineers to meet the growing demands of manpower in the industry by imparting academic and practical training on basic science subjects and common engineering subjects. The course typically covers Physics, Hydrodynamics, Chemistry and Ship Design.

A degree in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering prepares professionals for 2 different but related careers in the realm of designing ships and the systems that allow ships to run, preparing graduates for employment in the Navy, in the private sector, or in positions involving supervision of other workers or positions involving computer-designed software.

Marine Engineers and Naval Architects wishing to become professional engineers must pass 2 exams conducted by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES), and gain sufficient work experience. Students nearing graduation may take the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam. After passing the FE, individuals must work for 4 years before they are eligible to sit for the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exam. The NCEES indicates that the PE is typically the last step to becoming professionally-  licensed engineers in the field.

A degree in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering could be pursued at a college or a marine service academy. Individuals employed in the field may design ships and the systems that allow ships to run efficiently. Licensure is required in order to become a professional engineer.

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Who Should Opt?

Listed below are the skills needed in candidates aspiring to pursue Naval Engineering and Ship Building as a career.



Critical thinking

the ability to use logical reasoning for a better understanding of the logic behind theoretical and practical concepts of the subject.

Scientific abilities

applying scientific methods and rules for solving problems.


Efficient mathematical abilities for a problem- solving.

System analysis

Determining the changes that a system can bring by analyzing the condition, operations and environment of its operation.

Active learning

Easily able to grasp new things to help understand ever- evolving technicalities and system developments.


Adjusting actions in accordance with actions of others.


Ability to identify a problem and to make quick decisions in order to tackle it timely.

B. Tech. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Top Institutes 

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India. Also mentioned are the corresponding locations and the average fees charged by each.

Name of Institute


 Average Fees

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur


INR 3.7 Lacs p.a.

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras


INR 90,000 p.a.

Indian Maritime University


INR 2.25 Lacs p.a.

Tolani Maritime Institute


INR 7,000 p.a.

VELS Academy


INR 1.3 Lacs p.a.

B. Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Eligibility 

The criteria determining the minimum eligible score for admission to the course may vary from one institute to the other. Generally, it lies between 40-50% aggregate marks. Students need to also have qualified the relevant State level entrance examination to be considered eligible to take part in the admission process.

Interested candidates are required to have qualified the 10+2 examination with Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry as the main subjects.

Apart from the required minimum educational qualifications and age limit criteria, medical standards are also given much priority during admission to this course. After the completion of the program, successful candidates are required to take up challenging tasks while on a ship. For performing such tasks, candidates should satisfy certain health-related criteria.

Fundamental of engineering exam is an MCQ- based 8-hour examination. Most aspirants complete it by their graduation. Upon successful completion of the course, students are placed in both government and private organizations. Graduates also need to secure a valid license whose eligibility criteria are different in different States so they need to take care to satisfy criteria specific to their respective States.

Naval engineers who have completed the necessary levels of education are eligible to take NCEES. Questions generally constitute basic engineering, marine engineering, and naval architecture- related topics. With sufficient experience and proper licensure, a graduate becomes eligible to apply for managerial supervisor- level jobs in the field.

B.Tech. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Admission Process

Selection to the course is based on entrance exams held by universities centrally. The general process is detailed below.

  1. Entrance Test:The question paper for the exam follows the QMR format, testing the students’ aptitude and logical reasoning. These examinations are generally conducted in the month of April. Here is a list of entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course.
  • Marine Engineering and Research Institute entrance exams
  • IIT JEE entrance exams
  • AIEEE- All India Engineering Entrance Exams
  • AICET-  All India Common Entrance Test
  • IMU CET- Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
  1. Counseling
  2. Admission 

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Lateral Entry

There are a few colleges in the country which offer an option of lateral entry, such that instead of doing a 4-year bachelor’s course, candidates can choose to secure admission directly into the 2nd year of college skipping the 1st year. For this, candidates need to have completed a 3-year diploma course after the X standard or a 1- year diploma course after the XII standard. The minimum eligible percentage set by colleges in this regard differs from college to college. Some colleges demand a minimum aggregate score of 60%, while others may ask for a minimum aggregate score of 70%.

Distance Learning Options:

There are a few engineering colleges in India that offer the course via the distance learning mode such as Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University. This college offers a 6-year correspondence course in Marine Engineering.

B.Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Syllabus and Course Description

Semester- wise, students of B. Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering in India study the following as part of their course curriculum:

Semester I

Semester II

  • Mathematics-I
  • Chemistry
  • Chemistry Laboratory
  • Mechanics Electrical Technology
  • Electrical Technology Laboratory
  • English for Communication
  • Engineering Drawings and Graphics Workshop
  • Practice EAA
  • Mathematics-II
  • Physics
  • Physics Laboratory
  • Programming & Data Structure
  • Programming &Data Structure Laboratory Engineering Drawings & Graphics Workshop
  • Practice Fluid Dynamics
  • Introduction to Naval Architecture

Semester III

Semester IV

  • Mathematics-III
  • Thermodynamics
  • Basic Electronics
  • Basic Electronics Laboratory
  • Hydrostatics & Stability Marine
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Machine Design
  • Elements of Ocean Engineering
  • Resistance & Propulsion
  • Marine Construction & Welding Marine
  • Structures-I
  • Marine Structures computations
  • Hydrostatics & Stability calculations

Semester V

Semester VI

  • Hospital Management
  • Marine Structures II
  • Motion & Control
  • Marine Design-I
  • Marine Production
  • Marine Materials Hydrodynamics Laboratory
  • Digital Image Processing
  • Marine Design II
  • Marine Systems
  • Computer-Aided
  • Design & Production
  • Industrial Management Elective I
  • Marine System Laboratory
  • CAD-& Production Laboratory

Semester VII

Semester VIII

  • Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence
  • Industrial Training
  • Ship Design Project
  • Business Fundamentals & Economics
  • Vibration & Noise
  • Vibration & Noise Laboratory
  • Marine Power Plant Comprehensive
  • Viva-voce
  • Project
  • Viva-voce
  • Physical Oceanography
  • Seminar
  • Elective II
  • Elective III
  • Automation & Control Theory

Electives required to be chosen by the enrolled candidates as part of a requirement of their course are:

  • High- Performance Marine Vehicles
  • Port Infrastructure and Management
  • Fishing Vessel Technology
  • Inland Water Transportation
  • Submarines and Submersibles
  • Environmental Management.

B.Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: Career Prospects 

A Naval Architect is a professional engineer responsible for the design, construction and repair of ships, boats, other marine vessels and offshore structures, of both civil and military kind, such as:

  • merchant ships
  • oil/gas tankers
  • cargo ships
  • cruise liners
  • passenger/ vehicle ferries
  • warships - frigates, destroyers, aircraft carriers, amphibious ships, etc.
  • submarines and underwater vehicles
  • offshore drilling platforms
  • semi-submersibles.
  • high-speed craft - hovercraft, multi-hull ships, hydrofoil craft, etc.
  • workboats - fishing vessels, tugs, pilot vessels, rescue craft etc.
  • yachts
  • power boats, among other recreational craft

Modern engineering practice is essentially a team activity conducted by professional engineers in their respective fields and disciplines. However, it is the Naval Architect who integrates their activities and takes ultimate responsibility for the overall project. This demanding leadership role requires managerial qualities and ability to bring together the often-conflicting demands of the various professional engineering disciplines.

A Naval Architect must have an understanding of the various branches of engineering and must be on the forefront of high technology areas. A Naval Engineer requires a creative, enquiring and logical mind, ability to communicate clearly in speech and writing with various professionals and authorities, sound judgment and qualities of leadership.

Naval Architects have a wide range of employment opportunities open to them, both inland and located abroad. They are involved in such a wide variety of work that it is difficult to categorize it comprehensively.

However, the main areas of responsibility for a Naval Architect are as follows:

  • Design
  • Construction and Repair
  • Consultancy
  • Marketing and Sales
  • Operations Regulation
  • Surveying and Overseeing
  • Research and Development
  • Education and Training

Diploma holders in the discipline are responsible for assisting Naval Architects in their day to day activities. A Naval Engineer may find jobs in various quarters in the country such as:

  • Marine Transportation
  • Offshore Oil Recovery
  • Underwater Vehicles
  • Renewable Energy
  • Marine Metals and Corrosion

Some of the top recruiters of successful graduates of B. Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering are listed here:

  • Mazagon Dock Limited
  • Garden Reach Shipbuilders Engineers Ltd.
  • Bharati Shipyard Ltd.
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited
  • Shipping Corporation of India Ltd
  • Goa Shipyard Limited
  • Indian Navy
  • Cybermarine Knowledge Systems Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pipavav Shipyard Ltd.
  • Deloitte Consulting
  • Indian Register of Shipping
  • ABG Shipyard Limited
  • Garden Reach Shipbuilders Engineers Ltd.
  • Zebec Marine Consultant & Services Pvt. Ltd.
  • PricewaterhouseCoopers Private Limited

Listed here are the various job positions on offer for successful graduates of B. Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. Also mentioned are the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered for each role.

B.Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Pay Scale

Port Manager

A Port Manager helps in doing activities at a port concerning disparate activities such as movements of ships, cargo, and other containers, loading and unloading of ships and containers and activities related to customs

INR 1,44,000-2,40,000 per annum

Chief Marine Engineer

The work of a Marine Engineer is usually onboard looking after the marine engineering department on the vessels and also has the responsibility of maintaining all onboard equipment and operation on board

INR 11,85,151 per annum

Technical Superintendent

This includes daily management and technical operation, overseeing of daily operations of repair and maintenance onboard, general assessment of vessels, docking, survey schedules, budgeting etc.

INR 7,04,155 per annum

Marine Surveyor

Surveys ships and boat tankers dredges to ascertain conditions of the machinery onboard and to look for changes, up gradation and its repair. Also, surveys underwater conditions.

INR 4.52,000 -5,57,000 per annum

Ship Operator

A ship Operator’s job is to make sure that all the management and operations are done as per the company’s laid- down procedure. The ship operator is also in charge of crew members, managing bunkers, appointments etc.

INR 5,46,700 per annum

Second Marine Engineer

A Second Marine Engineer plans the machinery and equipment that are to be present in the engine room. It is one of the most important jobs in the specialization of marine sciences.

INR 20-25 lakhs per annum



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