Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Geography is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course which is divided into 4 semesters. This course focuses on the 2 divisions of geography which are physical geography and human geography. In this course, students learn to produce new solutions for the geographical issues in the environmental surroundings.
In order to be eligible for the course, students should have passed Master’s degree in Geography with above 55% or equivalent marks. SC/ST/OBC category need to score 50% or equivalent marks to be eligible.
Admission to M.Phil. course is based on merit and performance in entrance test and personal interview conducted by reputed colleges and universities. Most of the colleges conduct the below-mentioned entrance exams:
Most of the colleges offer MPhil Geography course in India. Some of the top colleges or universities are as follows:
Many colleges have their own eligibility criteria and selection process for this course. The average fee for the course ranges between INR 1,000 to INR 2 lakhs as per the student’s performance in the selection process.
In this course, students are allowed to focus on specific areas like environmental geography and geographical information system. Some of the important concepts taught in this course are Physical geography, Human Geography, Geopolitics, Globalization, Agricultural Geography, Population Geography and GIS mapping. Field study and lab work is often required for this course.
Career in geography offer opportunities to develop solutions to some issues for modern society including natural disasters, urban expansion, climate change, overpopulation, and multicultural integration. The average salary for these professionals per annum ranges between INR 2 to 20 lakhs increasing with their experience and expertise in this field.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course:
|Examination Type||Semester type|
|Eligibility||Master’s degree in the stream of social sciences|
|Admission Process||JNUEE, DUET, PUBDET, NET|
|Top recruiting organizations||Intel net Global solutions private limited, Hinduja group India limited, Inter globe technologies, Avi solar energy private limited|
|Top recruiting areas||Armed forces, Information system organizations, Civil services, Environmental consultancies, Police services|
|Top job profiles||Geographer, Geographic technician, Geo analyst, Geography Teacher, Geography content developer|
|Course Fee||INR 1,000 to 2 lakhs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 to 20 lakhs|
M.Phil. in Geography course covers an introduction to geography. It teaches students about the foundation in the study of geography and physical character of Earth. Graduates learn about vegetation, weather patterns, climate issues, soils, water usage and landforms. This course focuses on impacts of population and their requirements in this field.
In this course, major topics student’s studies include Economic development, population growth, resource allocation, urbanization, and geopolitics. These topics also serve as an introduction to the programs, other technologies and satellite systems used in this field. Students learn about current issues in Geographical Information Systems, digital mapping, mining, and data collection.
In this course, students study about environmental geography, biodiversity, environmental changes, water and forest resources, energy usage, the relationship between economics and environmental data collection. Students also use computer programs to develop Geographical Information Systems. Fieldwork is required in all the subjects.
Given below are the college names, location and the average structure of the fees which will be taken by the college for this course:
|College Name||City||Average Annual Fee|
|Barkatullah university||Bhopal||INR 25,000|
|Chaudhary Charan singh university||Meerut||INR 3,155|
|Devi ahilya vishwavidyalaya||Indore||INR 1,500|
|DR. B.R. Ambedkar government college||Rajasthan||INR 7,165|
|Guwahati university||Guwahati||INR 31,800|
|Government arts college||Thanjavur||INR 46,000|
|Himachal Pradesh university||Shimla||INR 3,000|
|Kurukshetra university||Kurukshetra||INR 13,000|
|Madurai kamaraj university||Madurai||INR 44,100|
|Maharaja ganga singh university||Bikaner||INR 40,000|
|Maharshi dayanand university||Rohtak||INR 62,800|
|Mahila mahavidyalaya||Maharashtra||INR 50,000|
|Mewar university||Mewar||INR 2,00,000|
|Mysore university||Mysore||INR 34,700|
|Punjab university||Punjab||INR 71,000|
|Tilak Maharashtra university||Pune||INR 1,65,000|
|University of Delhi||Delhi||INR 22,000|
|Utkal University||Bhubaneswar||INR 1,000|
Interested aspirants for the course must fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria:
|Top Geography Colleges in West Bengal||Top Geography Colleges in Uttar Pradesh||Top Geography Colleges in Maharashtra||Top Geography Colleges in Rajasthan|
Admission to M.Phil. (Geography) course is based on student’s marks obtained in their master’s degree, marks scored in the entrance exam and personal interview conducted by the reputed colleges or universities.
Most of the colleges admit students on the basis of common entrance exams whereas a few of them conduct exams based on their own exam pattern comprising questions from specific subjects. Questions are asked from sections like:
Colleges placed some cut off marks to select the students. Students who are cleared this entrance exam can attend personal interview. Based on the overall performance students should be selected to join this course in recognized colleges or universities.
A year-wise syllabus of the course is given below:
|YEAR I||YEAR II|
|Explanations in geographic research||Research methodology in geography|
|Urban geography||Agricultural geography|
|Political geography||Population geography|
|Geomorphology||Analysis of physical environment|
|Strategies and theories in regional development||Applied climatology|
Graduates in the field of Geography are employed in various sectors including education, public sector, transport, industry, commerce and tourism. Graduates with core geographic skills like field work, preparing maps and diagrams, interpretative method, social surveys are more prone to get relevant jobs in this sectors.
Other related job positions in this field are:
Governments, country agencies, other agencies and private groups often recruit these professionals for developing Geographical Information Systems. Graduates who have analytical skills and programming knowledge can get opportunities in shipping, transportation, and logistics companies. Graduates also have an option of becoming a high school or university professor wherein they are required to research on geographical issues.
These graduates are employed by private and public organizations engaged in the design, urban planning, and by NGOs involved in rural development projects. Depending on their specializations, these professionals are employed in various sectors not only in India but also abroad. Recruiters for them in other countries are:
Listed below are the top professional positions that were taken as career by graduates:
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Geographer||Geographers are responsible for examining political or cultural structures related to Geography. They gather geographic information through satellite images, maps, census, photographs, field observations. They also analyse the geographic distribution of cultural and physical occurrences and characteristics.||5,60,000|
|Geographic technician||Geographic technicians analyse the information in Geographic Information System databases, graphs, maps, tables or generate charts to display geographic data. They are responsible for making sure the databases are error free. These technicians also create some models and representations for land development plans. They are also required for convert maps into digital format to get new information.||3,45,000|
|Geo analyst||Geo analysts are responsible for developing new ideas to obtain useful information from geographical information system. Those data can be used in wide range of many industries and fields. They analyze geographic information, understand the data, and transform those data into usable assets. They use Geographical Information system software to create, update, and validate maps.||7,40,000|
|Geography Teacher||Geography teachers teach about regional geography, how technology relates to geography, physical geography, environment discipline, and Earth Sciences. They expose students to the relationship between geographic region and people and how they might have adapted to the surroundings. They will develop and teach lesson plans; they could plan field trips and projects on geographical elements.||2,50,000|
|Geography content developer||Geography content developers typically create content on geographical issues. This content can include text, podcasts, e-books, graphics, and sales copy. They use tools like HTML, Java script, CSS and some other content management systems to develop content for their work. They produce content and publish in different websites, blogs, e commerce sites, social media etc.||3,20,000|