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Master of Science [M.Sc] (Agriculture) - Course Overview




    2 YEARS




    Post Graduation

Updated On - November 8th 2017

M.Sc in Agriculture is a Post-graduate course in scientific process of agriculture and agricultural studies.  A candidate has to be a B.Sc graduate in Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Forestry from a recognised university in order to be eligible for this course. 

M.Sc Agriculture is a two year program which has many specializations and has a similar course by the name M.Tech in Agriculture Engineering.  The mode of admission is mostly through an Entrance Examination.

The average tuition fee for the entire course ranges between 50,000 thousand INR to 1.5 Lakhs INR.

M.Sc Agriculture graduates can obtain jobs in Research labs, food beverage and dairy industries, academic institution etc. and work as Agricultural Scientist, Research Scientist, Lecturer/professor, agricultural officer etc. A fresh graduate of this course can expect an average annual salary of 1 Lakh INR to 2.5 Lakhs INR.


This course is completed over the duration of two years and four semesters.

About the Course

Agriculture is an important sector for the Indian economy. This course deals with the scientific knowledge of agriculture and farming techniques and skills. Farming and agriculture has changed a lot from primary to modern ways and courses like Agriculture are helping make innovations in the farming industry as well as make good career options for students today.  

Difference between M.Sc Agriculture and M.Tech Agricultural Engineering

The basic difference between the two is that one is a science discipline stream while other is engineering stream.

M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering is about agriculture, food processing and agricultural machinery. The course heavily deals in the technical aspects of agriculture like ‘Production technology of field crops’. in Agriculture is about scientific knowledge of agriculture and farming like plant genetics and breeding, soil science, agricultural economics etc.

Specialization in Agriculture is a course which specializes in 12 sub-disciplines. It is often that students would find this course with a specialization and not as a whole. Hence, it is important to know what these specializations are. Agriculture specializations are as follows:

  • Agronomy
  • Biotechnology
  • Agricultural Economics & Farm Management
  • Plant Physiology
  • Entomology
  • Extension Education
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Plant Pathology
  • Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry
  • Forestry
  • Food Science & Technology

Where to study? in Agriculture is a course which is mostly found with its specialization. The top colleges for in Agriculture are as follows:

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune

Academic Options after M.Sc in Agriculture

After this Masters course, students can opt for M.Phil and Ph.D in Agriculture from colleges like Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal, Jawaharlal Nehru University etc.

Eligibility Of the Master of Science [M.Sc] (Agriculture)

The candidate should have a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Horticulture or Forestry from a recognised university in India.

The candidate must also have passed the degree with minimum 50% marks.

How to Get Admission in Master of Science [M.Sc] (Agriculture)

The admission to the program is based on performance in the Entrance Examination and the academic record of the student in graduation.

Some of the Entrance Exams for in Agriculture is as follows:

AGRICET: Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University conducts a Common Entrance Test for admission to in Agriculture. The application forms are available online from May/ June and the exam is held in July.

ICAR AIEEA: ICAR conducts an All India Entrance Examination for Agriculture. The application forms are available online in February and the exam is held in April.

MCAER PG CET: The Maharashtra Council of Agriculture Education & Research holds a PG Common Entrance Test for various programmes, in Agriculture being one of them. The applications are available online in month of March and the examination is held in May.

Hence, to sum it up, if the candidate is eligible, they can follow the process as given below:

  • Fill in Application form
  • Clear the Entrance Exam 
  • Admission to the program 

Entrance Exam

The entrance exam paper will consist of 150-200 multiple choice and cross-matching type questions.

The time duration of the exam is 2.5 to 3 hours.

The paper has negative marking of 0 to 1 for every wrong answer.

The syllabus for the Entrance Exam can be described in the following table:

Name of Discipline

Topics for Entrance Exam


Principles of Agronomy, crop ecology and geography and Agricultural Meteorology


Field crops


Water management


Soil fertility and fertilizer use


Dry land Agronomy


Sustainable land use systems

Agricultural Economics & Farm Management

Importance of agriculture in national economy


Basic principles of farm management

Extension Education

Concept, meaning, principle, philosophy, scope and importance.


Communication, principles, concept, process, elements and barriers in teaching methods.


Crop Protection Principles in field and storage


Classification of animal kingdom up to class level

Plant Breeding & Genetics

Structure and function of cell organelles

Plant Pathology

Important plant pathogenic organisms


Sterilization, disinfection and pasteurization

Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry

Soil as a medium for plant growth


Essential plant nutrients


Importance & scope of horticulture


Importance & scope of vegetables


Importance & scope of spices


Importance & Scope of Post Harvest Technology of Horticulture crops.


Importance of agriculture in national economy


Importance of biochemistry in agriculture


Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms


Plant physiology importance in agriculture

Food Science & Technology

General chemistry of food constituents


Engineering properties of food materials.


Preparation and manufacturing technology of Foods.


Role intrinsic and extrinsic properties of food in relation to microbial growth.

Plant Physiology

Seed structures of important crops


Seed dormancy , Storage physiology,


Bio-diversity and its Conservation

Selection Process

The selection to the in Agriculture program is based on both Entrance Exam (70%) and the academic record of the student (30%) in graduation.

Some colleges reserve seats on the percentage of students appearing for ICAR AIEEA and some seats for students clearing the college’s own entrance examination.