DM Cardiology is a 3-year, full-time post-graduate course divided into 4 semesters. Cardiology is the medical specialty that deals with disorders in heart, particularly the human heart and diagnosis and treatment of Electrophysiology, coronary disease, valvular heart disease, artery diseases, congenital heart defects, heart failure and cardiac electrophysiology.
Top Institutes offering DM Cardiology are:
|Doctorate of Medicine in Tamil Nadu||Doctorate of Medicine in Karnataka||Doctorate of Medicine in Kerala||Doctorate of Medicine in Maharashtra|
Specializing in heart and blood vessels, Cardiologists are primarily responsible for treating cardiovascular or circulatory illnesses and disorders, disorders in heart, arteries, and veins, problems caused by restricted circulation due to narrowing of the arteries, damage to the muscle tissue, problems in the heart valves and disorders of the pericardium.
The average annual course fee in India ranges between INR 5,000 and 10 lakhs, depending upon the institute offering the course. The average annual salary offered in India to successful post-graduates of the course ranges between INR 6 and 30 lakhs, depending upon the candidate’s expertise in the field.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||MD General Medicine or Paediatrics|
|Admission Process||NEET-SS, JIPMER entrance exam, and AIIMS entrance exam.|
|Top recruiting organizations||Hindustan, Oregon, Integro, etc.|
|Top recruiting areas||Hospitals, Defence Health Services, and such.|
|Top job profiles||Cardiologist, Junior Resident, Marketing Manager, among others.|
|Course Fee||INR 5,000 to 10 lakhs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 6 to 30 lakhs|
The course involves an advanced study of the intricacies of cardiothoracic surgery. Although the cardiovascular system is inextricably linked to blood, this course is relatively unconcerned with hematology and its diseases.
This course’s curriculum covers latest advances in cardiology care, assessment of new interventional and medical heart failure therapies, review of the most frequent life-threatening afflictions that can be diagnosed using electrocardiography, commonly misdiagnosed ailments and specialization in treating heart diseases using catheterization.
It also has the study of heart disease symptoms such as thrombosis and thermogenesis. DM Cardiology course teaches animal studies, to illustrate treatment methodology and effects, effects of radiation on the human body, chronic symptoms and the impacts of radiation on the body, radiation safety for both patients and staff in nuclear medicine and administrative, biological and legal aspects of the medical use of radiation.
Obvious exceptions that affect the function of the heart would be blood tests, electrolyte disturbances, hypovolemic shock, decreased oxygen-carrying capacity, anemia, troponins, coagulopathies, shortness of breath, chest pains, dizzy spells, heart murmurs or ECG changes, heart attacks and serious heart rhythm disturbances.
Such professionals perform procedures such as balloon angioplasty, cardiac catheterization, and heart surgery.
Some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by the respective colleges are listed below.
|NAME OF INSTITUTE||CITY||AVERAGE ANNUAL FEES|
|A.J. Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre||Mangalore||INR 3,45,00|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||INR 5,500|
|Maharashtra University of Health Sciences||Nasik||INR 1,80,000|
|Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences||Vijayawada||INR 5,40,000|
|Kasturba Medical College||Mangalore||INR 3,48,600|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham||Coimbatore||INR 10,00,000|
|Amala Institute of Medical Science||Trissur||INR 20,70,00|
|Government Medical College||Kottayam||INR 1,80,000|
|Government Medical College||Kozhikode||INR 40,000|
|JSS Medical College and Hospital||Mysore||INR 6,63,000|
|Kasturba Medical College||Mangalore||INR 3,54,000|
Candidates aspiring for admission to the course are required to fulfill the following minimum eligibility criteria.
|Doctorate of Medicine in Andhra Pradesh||Doctorate of Medicine in Gujarat||Doctorate of Medicine in Orissa||Doctorate of Medicine in Madhya Pradesh|
Generally, in most of the colleges and institutes offering the course, admission is provided based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance test, such as NEET PG, conducted at the national level, followed by a subsequent round of counseling.
The round of counseling involves two additional rounds of Group Discussion and Personal Interview, wherein candidate’s general aptitude for the course is examined. A merit list is subsequently released issued by the institute allocating available seats to the qualifying candidates.
A year-wise syllabus for the course is tabulated below.
|Coronary artery disease||Systematic disease involving heart|
|Rheumatic heart disease||Heart muscle diseases|
|Congenital heart disease||Traumatic heart disease|
|Pericardial diseases||Tumours of heart|
|Heart failure||Geriatric heart disease|
|Peripheral vascular disorders||General anaesthesia|
|Pulmonary hypertension||Pregnancy and heart disease|
|Systematic hypertension||Epidemiology and preventive cardiology|
|Electrocardiography||Experience in cardiac catheterization|
|Radiography||Right left heart path coronary angiography|
|Stress testing||Temporary pacemaker insertion|
|Holter monitoring||Various interventions including valvuloplasty coronary and congenital interventions.|
With the increase in heart patients and number of Multispecialty hospitals, the scope for Cardiologists has widened both in government and corporate sector. Cardiologists can find lucrative employment as doctors in hospitals, cardiac rehabilitation centers, cardiology departments, clinics testing patients for heart problems, private practices, government health sector and defence service.
Cardiologists willing to do research work related to the heart can become scientists in cardiology. Those interested in teaching the discipline can opt for positions of lecturers in medical colleges.
Although the cardiology is a specialized area of medical science, it has developed several sub-specialties within itself.
Some of the top professional profiles open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|JOB POSITION||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY IN INR|
Cardiologists diagnose and treat heart and blood vessel problems using a symptom review, combination of physical examination, and medical testing. They also work in private practice centres as consultants to patients' general care practitioners, while some others work for universities as researchers and teachers.
As a part of their practice, they may perform or recommend procedures like echocardiograms, exercise tests, and cardiac catheterizations.
|Junior resident||Resident Assistants serve the needs of people living in long-term care and retirement facilities. They typically work under the supervision of licensed nurses and directly with residents.||INR 7,70,000|
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