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Top Psychology Universities in Canada

Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
Study Abroad Expert

Psychology is a vocational course that aims to study human behavior and the human mind concerning various situations. To study this course, international students can choose. Some of the best psychology universities in Canada rank among the top 150 universities in the world as per QS Rankings, 2020.

Some of the popular psychology courses include masters in counselling psychology in Canada and masters in psychology. The popularity of masters programs is because of the research opportunities available. 

  • In Canada, psychologists earn an average remuneration between 49,000 - 117,000 CAD yearly. Psychologists also earn an average bonus between 997 - 20,000 CAD and share profits of up to 7,000 CAD.
  • As per reports of Job Bank Canada, between 2017-2026, there will be 16,500 new jobs for psychologists. 
  • Canada has international as well as country-specific scholarships available between 1,967 - 40,000 CAD for psychology students.
  • As far as graduate employability is concerned, the University of Toronto, University of Waterloo, and the University of Alberta rank # 16, 25, and 87 globally. And Canada's unemployment rate is also minimal, which is 5.60 percent only to date.

Top Psychology Universities in Canada

As per QS subject-rankings, Canada has several highly-ranked colleges, which makes it a popular study destination for international students. Psychology courses in Canada are available at all the levels of study. Along with degree programs some psychology courses in Canada are also available as short-term courses. So, let's share the list of some top-ranked universities in Canada and the courses offered below:

UniversitiesQS Rankings subject-wiseNumber of Courses
University of British Columbia13UG - 4, PG - 1, Doctorate - 1
University of Toronto19UG - 6, PG - 2, Doctorate - 2
McGill University30UG - 2, PG - 4, Doctorate - 2
University of Montreal101-150UG - 3, PG - 2, Doctorate - 4
Simon Fraser University101-150UG- 6, PG - 4, Doctorate - 3
McMaster University151-200UG - 1, PG- 2, Doctorate - 1
University of Alberta151-200UG- 4, PG-2 , Doctorate - 2
University of Ottawa251-300UG- 5, Doctorate - 2

Psychology Universities in Canada: Specializations and Degrees

Psychology is not an outright professional course. It is a vocational education that requires extensive study and applying them in practical situations. It requires experience as well as higher academic qualifications to excel in this job role. There are various psychology courses in Canada for international students.

For an undergraduate in psychology from a decent college, the average remuneration is 49,000 - 54,000 CAD, whereas graduate students can earn up to 66,000 CAD. Doctorates often opt for practice, research , or teaching based roles in psychology. 

There are many reputed psychology universities in Canada offering courses with a variety of degrees, along with their specializations. The various specializations are -

Industrial & Organizational PsychologyEducational Psychology
Experimental PsychologyPsychiatry
Integrative PhysiologyClinical Neuropsychology
NeuroPsychologyCounseling Psychology
Clinical PsychologyChild Psychology
Forensic Psychology & CriminologyCognitive Science of Language

Degree Types

International students planning to study in Canada can enroll with the following levels of higher education available to study

  • Undergraduate degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Kinesiology, and Bachelor Human Kinetics
  • Postgraduate degrees: Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master of Education
  • Doctorate: Doctor of Philosophy / Ph.D.

Psychology Universities in Canada: Undergraduate Courses

Six psychology universities in Canada feature in the top 200 list of universities in the world as per QS Subject-wise Rankings. The courses are generally of 1.3 - 4 years in duration and pave the path for postgraduate & Doctorate study in the future. The following courses are:

UniversitiesCoursesDuration (Years)Approximate Annual Fees (CAD)
University of British ColumbiaB.Sc. Psychology441,525
B.A Psychology440,305
B.Sc. Cellular, Anatomical & Physiological Sciences443,191
Bachelor of Kinesiology in Neuromechanical & Physiological Sciences443,193
University of TorontoB.Sc. Forensic Psychology456,463
B.Sc. Psychology456,463
B.A Psycholinguistics460,415
Bachelor of Arts in Cognitive Science453,451
B.Sc. Cognitive Science453,451
B.A Psychology453,451
McGill UniversityB.A Psychology319,189
B.Sc. Psychology344,916
University of MontrealB.Sc. Psychoeducation318,190
B.Sc. Psychology318,190
B.Sc. Psychology & Sociology318,190
Simon Fraser UniversityB.A Cognitive Science429,910
B.A Psychology429,910
B.A Psychology & Criminology (Joint Major)429,910
B.A Gender, Sexuality, Women's Studies & Psychology (Joint Major)429,910
B.A Psychology & Applied Behavior Analysis429,910
B.A Business & Psychology (Joint Major)429,910
McMaster UniversityB.Sc. Psychology, Neuroscience & Behavior434,088
University of AlbertaB.A Psychology431,256
B.Sc. Psychology428,608
B.Sc. Psychology Sciences428,608
B.Sc. Integrative Physiology428,608
University of OttawaB.A Psychology457,470
B.Sc. Psychology457,470
B.A Psychology & Linguistics457,470
Bachelor Human Kinetics457,470
Bachelor Psychology (Major)1.3-

Eligibility for Undergraduate Psychology Courses in Canada

There are certain eligibility criteria to take admission to so the psychology universities in Canada. Along with that, some important documents are a requirement as well.

  • To take admission in the undergraduate courses, international student will need 10+2 scores with at least 75 percent in humanities and science subjects.
  • Apart from that, there are certain English Language requirements that you must fulfill; they are:
    • IELTS - 6.5
    • TOEFL - 100
    • PTE - 65
    • MELAB - 85
  • SAT is not mandatory but may be a requirement in some Canadian colleges. If you score at least 35 in the SAT reading test, you can avail exemptions from TOEFL.

Documents Required

The documents required to study the psychology courses in Canada for international students are:

  • 10+2 mark sheets and letters of 2-3 letters of recommendations from previous colleges
  • You will need English Language Test scores.
  • SAT scores, if required.
  • You must provide one Statement of purpose.
  • Resume with Passport sized photographs.
  • Valid ID proofs and Passport are also essential documents.

Fees & Funding for Undergraduate Psychology Courses in Canada

The fees for study Bachelors from best psychology universities in Canada varies between 18,000 - 60,000 CAD. Apart from that, there are multiplescholarship for bachelor students in Canada and funding options to bear the course fees.

Psychology Universities in Canada: Postgraduate Courses

A postgraduate study is very important for psychology students. It provides more practical as well as theoretical exposure, open opportunities in the field of research, and floods you with more job opportunities. 

As per the Statistics Canada report for the 3rd quarter in 2019, psychologists are earning an average minimum of 35.25 CAD/hr with a postgraduate degree against 28.30 CAD/hr with a bachelor's degree. A Master's course in psychology generally spans for 1.6 to 3 rigorous years and are offered by the following psychology universities in Canada:

UniversitiesProgramsDurationApproximate Yearly Fees (CAD)
University of British ColumbiaM.A Psychology29,242
University of TorontoM.A Psychology225,031
M.A Counselling & Clinical Psychology225,031
McGill UniversityM.A Counselling Psychology (Project)219,072
M.Sc. Psychiatry219,072
M.A Child Psychology219,072
M.Sc. Genetic Counselling219,072
University of MontrealM.Sc. Psychoeducation1.627,516
M.A Psychology213,560
Simon Fraser UniversityM.A Counselling Psychology310,137
Master in Education Counselling Psychology310,137
M.A Educational Psychology310,137
M.Ed. Educational Psychology210,137
McMaster UniversityM.Sc. Psychology218,000
M.Sc. Child Life & Paediatric Psychological Care218,000
University of AlbertaM.Sc. Psychiatry29,969
M.Ed. Counselling Psychology2

Masters in Psychology in Canada: Eligibility

To pursue masters in psychology in Canada, international applicants are required to fulfill additional requirements. Some of these are common throughout the universities offering the program. These are as follows:

  • You will need a four years Bachelor's or equivalent with a 3 GPA minimum, or grade B or 75 percent.
  • You will need the following cut-offs in IELTS - 7,TOEFL - 100, PTE - 65, MELAB - 90.
  • GRE is required in some universities but not mandatory.

Documents Required

  •  Apart from this, you will require transcripts of all educational qualifications.
  • 2-3 Letters of Recommendation, depending on the college requirement, is essential.
  • A Psychology Background Form is required to waive off GRE if you have already pursued a course in Psychology.
  • An updated CV and work experience certificates (if any) is mandatory.
  • You will require a valid id proof and Passport along with passport-sized photographs.
  • Financial proofs to bear the cost of study.
  • One Statement of Purpose as well.

Masters in Psychology in Canada: Fees & Funding

The course fees to study these postgraduate psychology courses in Canada for international students ranges from 9,969 to 27,516 CAD. There are scholarships specific to Indian students like thePaul Foundation Scholarships, which grants aid up to 28,654 CAD. 

In addition to this, there are various otherscholarships for international students to study Masters in Canada.

Psychology Colleges in Canada: Certificate & Diploma Programs

There are some quality short-term courses in Canada for international students planning to study psychology courses. These courses are of 1 year duration and relatively cheaper. Following are the course listed below:

CollegesProgramDuration (years)Fees (CAD/year)Eligibility
Fanshawe CollegeGraduate Certificate in Autism & Behavioural Science116,626UG in social science or any diploma in a related field.
IELTS-6.5
TOEFL-90
University of QuebecCertificate Psychology125,227A diploma in Natural Sciences and Secondary School Diploma. French Language test is mandatory.
Graduate Diploma in Eco-Counselling117,258UG in a related field. The International French Language Test is mandatory.
York UniversityGraduate Diploma in Health Psychology113,216A Bachelor's degree with at least 75 percent.
IELTS - 6.5
TOEFL - 83

Psychology Universities in Canada: Doctorate Programs

Canada encourages research and development to a great extent. Psychology is a course that requires a lot of practical work and research. There are more than 721,100 teachers or counselors and 4,541 researchers per one million of its population in Canada at present. 

So, if you want to move towards a research, teaching, or counseling profession, this country is the right option. You will come across the best universities for psychology in Canada. The courses are for 3 - 6 years and offered by the following universities:

UniversitiesProgramsDuration (years)Approximate Yearly Fees (CAD)
University of British ColumbiaPh.D. Psychology49,242
University of TorontoPh.D. Psychology56,539
Ph.D. in School & Clinical Child Psychology
McGill UniversityPh.D. Counselling Psychology316,467
Ph.D. in Child Psychology3
University of MontrealPh.D. Psychology316,240
Ph.D. Research & Intervention in Clinical Psychology516,564
Simon Fraser UniversityPh.D. in Educational Psychology610,137
Ph.D. Psychology4
Ph.D. Organizational Behavior4
McMaster UniversityPh.D. Cognitive Science of Language46,641
University of AlbertaPh.D. Psychiatry49,969
Ph.D. Counselling Psychology4

Doctorate in Psychology: Eligibility & Documents required

The eligibility criteria to study a doctorate course from any of these best psychology universities in Canada, as mentioned above, are:

  • A Master's degree in Psychology or equivalent with more at least B + scores or 80 - 85 percent.
  • English Language test scores:
    • IELTS - 7
    • TOEFL - 100
    • PTE - 65
    • MELAB - 90
  • In some colleges, like the University of Toronto, GMAT is also required. The average cut-off for GMAT is 580.

Documents Required (h4)

  • To study Doctorate, transcripts of all academic qualifications are mandatory.
  • 2 - 3 Letters of recommendation from past colleges and employers (if any).
  • Research proposal and Statement of Purpose is mandatory.
  • You will also need one updated CV, experience certificates (if any), and three passport-sized photographs.
  • Valid Id proof, Passport, and Financial Statements are a must to apply.

Doctorate in Psychology in Canada: Fees & Funding

The Doctorate courses offered by these best psychology universities in Canada are between 6,641 - 16,564 CAD. To finance these courses, International students often apply to scholarships. There are various scholarship plans and assistantship options available in Canada, which will benefit you with your finances.

Is registration required to practice Psychology in Canada?

After studying psychology courses in Canada, the next need is registration. You may need to contact regulatory bodies to be a registered psychologist to practice in Canada. But, in case your Doctoral program is accredited to the Canadian Psychological Association, it will facilitate the licensing process. 

To know about the accreditation and regulatory bodies, you can visit the website of the Canadian Psychological Association. 

The Master's programs are not accredited. So, if you want to take up a job then there is no issue as such but for self-practice in Canada you must pursue Ph.D. or get registered with the regulatory bodies. For further information about regulatory bodies please visit the Canada Psychology Association portal.

Scholarships at Psychology Universities in Canada

The overall cost of studying in Canada will not only include the tuition fee, but also the cost of living. Cost of living in Canada varies from 3000-10,000 CAD depending on the accommodations and lifestyle choices. 

To ensure that these expenses do not burn a whole in an international student's pocket, it is important to be familiar with funding options. Except for the scholarships available to study in Canada, other financial aids are also available. These include loans, TA/RA, work-while study, etc. 

ScholarshipsApplication DeadlineScholarship worth (CAD)WaiversStudies Covered
Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation Doctoral ScholarshipsJanuary 03, 202140,000Tuition fees & living expensesDoctorates in Social Science & Humanities
Ontario Trillium Scholarship-40,000Tuition FeesDoctorate
Go Clean ScholarshipDecember 31, 20204,971Tuition fees, but may be extended to cover, living expenses as wellAll levels of study
Debesh Kamal ScholarshipApril 30, 20201,967Tuition feesAll levels of study
University of Alberta - India First Year Excellence Scholarship-5,000Tuition feesUndergraduate
QS Leadership ScholarshipApril 30, 202014,041Tuition feesMasters
B.J. Seaman ScholarshipAugust 01, 20202,808Tuition feesUndergraduate
University of Toronto Scholars Program-7,500Tuition feesUndergraduate

Psychology Universities in Canada: Career Scope

With a quality higher education institution in Canada, the country offers a variety of job opportunities. After undergraduate, jobs are mainly in personnel, labor relations, social services, technical writing, etc. But after your Master's, your opportunities will increase. The major employers of psychologists in Canada are the universities, hospitals, research organizations, psychotherapy centers, etc. The list of major employers are:

CLINWest Research Inc.NeuroRx Research
Marianopolis CollegeMcGill University
Montreal Therapy CentreNovotech
Research Institute of McGill University Health CentreRoyal Canadian Mounted Police
University of OttawaUniversity of Toronto
Correctional Service CanadaThe Worker's Compensation Board

The average salaries of psychologists are 49,000 - 117,000 CAD based on qualification, skill, and experience. Trends show that postgraduates earn about 10,000 CAD more than undergraduates. Doctorates in Psychology can earn an average of 81,000 CAD.

The average salaries of psychologists in Canada are listed below along with bonuses earned:

JobsAverage Salary Range (CAD)Bonus (CAD)
Counseling Psychologist51,000 - 102,0004,000
Clinical Psychologist59,000 - 134,0009,000
Patient Counseling48,000 - 139,000-
Psychologists with Clinical Supervisory Skills72,000 - 196,00052,500
Psychotherapist29.31 - 132,000450
Mental Health Counselor39,000 - 73,0001,750
Forensic Psychologist65,000 - 89,00011,000
Criminologist30,000 - 101,0001,750

Skills wise, someone with Clinical Supervision skills earns the most. With this skill, you can earn 93,450 CAD as a median average salary with a 52,500 CAD bonus. Whereas with Group Therapy skills, one can earn 64,163 CAD and 2,000 CAD as a bonus. In between, Forensic Psychology skills will draw 83,973 CAD with 11,000 CAD Bonus.

The Career graph of a Psychologist in Canada is represented below:

Besides lucrative salaries and bonuses for psychologists, as mentioned above, Canada also encourages and invests in Research Work. Thus, it is an ideal study destination for aspiring psychology students. You will also find five universities among the top 100 colleges in the world concerning employability. Crime rates are also considerably low—this is why Canada ranked 6th in the Global Peace Index. Thus, it will be a good choice for international student to consider studying at psychology universities in Canada.

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