BA Sanskrit is a 3-year duration undergraduate course in Sanskrit. The course covers Sanskrit Prose, Poetry, Grammar along with certain sections of Bhagavad-Gita and Mahabharata. This course also teaches students to critically analyse various Sanskrit texts and Literature.
Through this course, the candidates will not only learn about various literary works in Sanskrit, but they will also learn a lot about our Indian Culture and Traditions.
To be eligible for BA Sanskrit course, a candidate must complete 10+2 in any stream from a recognised board or university. The candidates must study and pass Sanskrit at school level as a compulsory subject.
Most of the top colleges grant merit-based admission to the BA Sanskrit course. The candidates are selected on the basis of 10+2 scores. Entrance Exams are very rarely conducted for admission to this course.
Most of the reputed colleges in India offer BA Sanskrit Course. The five best colleges offering this course are tabulated below.
|NIRF College Ranking 2020||College Name||Location||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees||Average Placement Salary|
|1||Miranda House, New Delhi||Delhi||Merit Based||INR 14,160||INR 4,20,000|
|2||Lady Shri Ram College For Women, New Delhi||Delhi||Merit Based||INR 15,870||INR 6,20,000|
|3||Hindu College, New Delhi||Delhi||Merit Based||INR 17,560||INR 5,00,000|
|9||Hans Raj College||Delhi||Merit Based||INR 20,945||INR 5,00,000|
|14||Sri Venkateswara College||Delhi||Merit Based||INR 12,405||INR 4,00,000|
The average annual fees for studying BA Sanskrit in India ranges between INR 15,000 to 50,000, depending on the type of college.
After completing this course, the candidates will find jobs as Primary and Secondary School Teachers, Language Tutors, Translators, Content Writers, among others. The average annual fees salary offered to these candidates generally ranges between INR 1,50,000 to 2,50,000.
After completing BA Sanskrit, most candidates usually go for higher studies. They can join MA Sanskrit, Sanskrit Literature, and other related streams. After doing MA, they can even do a PhD in Sanskrit.
Also check top PhD Sanskrit Colleges in India here.
What is the BA Sanskrit Admission Process?
Admission to this course will be done based on the candidate's performance in the qualifying examination i.e. Class 12 exams. In merit-based selection, marks obtained by a candidate in the qualifying examinations are considered for offering admission into the course. The various steps involved in the admission process are given below.
- Registration: Registration date opens up annually and announcements are made in advance by the colleges. Registration will be done online where a profile needs to be created.
- Filling up of application form: Once a profile has been created, login and start the application process. Fill up the application form with past educational achievements, job experience, internships and projects done etc.
- Scan and upload documents: Documents like mark sheets, photograph, signature and transfer certificates must be scanned and uploaded online to the portal. All documents must be in a specific format and size only to be accepted.
- Application fee: A minimal application fee has to be paid to process the application. Payment can be done using online payment methods.
- Admission: Colleges take a few weeks to process applications. If a candidate meets the cut offs and all other criteria then an offer letter for admission is released.
What is the BA Sanskrit Eligibility Criteria?
A student must have to be eligible to pursue a certain course. The eligibility criteria for the BA in Sanskrit course is as follows:-
- Students must have passed Class 12 or equivalent in any stream from a recognized board.
- Candidates must have scored an aggregate of at least 50% marks in Class 12 exams.
- Getting good marks in 10+2 or intermediate examination is the prime requirement for admission.
- Some colleges conduct the personal interview round also having weightage. So, students also have to score good marks in this round
Which are the top BA Sanskrit Entrance Exams?
Only a few colleges are there that offer admission to BA Sanskrit courses based on the candidate's performance in entrance exams. The examination details are released by the colleges every year. This year, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, all the examination dates have been postponed and the new dates for the same are yet to be released.
How to Prepare for BA Sanskrit Entrance Exams?
Some of the important points that candidates can keep in mind while preparing for BA Tamil entrance exams are given below:
- Syllabus: Students must go through the syllabus of the course and make a note of all the important topics from syllabus
- Revise important topics: Revise all the important topics from the syllabus. Make sure to solve all questions that are related to the important topics.
- Practice Previous Year’s Question Papers: Solve previous year’s question paper so that you can get use to the question and it will also help in increasing your speed as the exam will be in online mode
- Mock Test: Candidates can solve and give the online mock test at the official website. It will increase efficiency and speed and will boost up your confidence.
How to get admission in a good BA Sanskrit college?
To secure admission into a top-ranked BA Sanskrit college, a number of factors come into play. Some of the following tips will be helpful in that regard.
- For getting admission to a top college a student must secure an excellent mark on the 10+2 examination conducted by any recognized boards.
- A minimum of 50% of marks is required to be eligible to apply for pursuing this course.
- Concentrate on preparing for the final year examination from one year before the date of examination. This will help you to secure an excellent mark in the 10+2 final examination.
- In some of the colleges, along with the admission process, the personal interview round with weightage is also conducted. So prepare well for this round of interviews also.
- Try to collect all details of that college, where you want to pursue your future education like how the teaching faculty, curriculum, course fees, college environment, etc.
- Placement is also very important. So, always choose that particular college where placement opportunities are excellent. Where previously passed out students get good job opportunities.
BA Sanskrit: What is it About?
BA Sanskrit deals with all the important topics in Sanskrit Language and Literature. It starts with the very basic topics, but also involves slightly advanced topics by the end of the course. The details of the course is discussed below.
- The major portion of the course deals with Sanskrit Prose, Poetry and Drama. The literature is broadly divided into two parts, Classical Literature and Modern Literature. Both the parts will be dealt separately.
- The Prose and Poetry section will contain a lot of very ancient texts. Many of them are taken from Mythological Texts, Travelogues, Memoirs, Folk Stories and parts of ancient historical texts.
- Apart from these, some universities also keep Vedic Literature as a separate topic, which will deal with the ancient Vedic Knowledge.
- The course often discusses the history of the Sanskrit Language and Literature. Along with these, the course actually goes on to discuss the history of India and Indian Civilisation in a chronological order, and its deep relationships with Sanskrit.
- Thus, through this course, the candidates will be able to gain a lot of knowledge on the Indian Culture, Indian Tradition and Lifestyle followed in Ancient India.
- Along with these, the candidates will also learn about Critical Survey, deep Critical Analysis and Literary Criticism of Sanskrit Literature. This will help the candidates to analyse the Sanskrit Literature more logically.
- The BA Sanskrit course also covers advanced topics of Sanskrit Grammar, creative Writing and Reading skills topics.
- This course will ultimately lead to the overall development of all types of Sanskrit skills including analytical skills, writing skills and grammatical skills.
BA Sanskrit Course Highlights
The major highlights of BA Sanskrit Course are tabulated below.
|Full-Form||Bachelor of Arts in Sanskrit|
|Level of Study||Undergraduate|
|Course Duration||3 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 in any stream with Sanskrit as a compulsory subject|
|Admission Process||Merit Based|
|Average Annual Fee||INR 15,000 to 50,000|
|Average Salary||INR 1,50,000 to 2,50,000|
|Job Options||Primary and Secondary School Teachers, Language Tutors, Translators, Content Writers, etc.|
|Areas of Employment||Schools, Publishing Houses, Media Houses, etc.|
Why Should You Study BA Sanskrit?
BA Sanskrit offers many benefits, some of which are discussed below.
- Sanskrit is the language of ancient Indian texts and literature. So, if you want to read any ancient text, you will have to know Sanskrit first.
- BA Sanskrit is the best course to learn about the tradition and lifestyle prevalent in ancient India.
- After completing BA Sanskrit, you will be able to analyse the Indian Mythology. Hence, you can work as a mythological book and blog writer.
- Sanskrit is also one of the most scientific languages. So, it is expected that many research works would take place in Sanskrit language in future.
- Sanskrit is a common language subject taught in schools, so there is a huge demand for Sanskrit teachers. So, you will always have an easy job option.
- Sanskrit Translators, who can translate the ancient texts in other languages, mainly Hindi and English, are often hired by publishers. Candidates with graduation in Sanskrit are preferred for this role.
BA Sanskrit vs BA Sanskrit Literature
Both BA Sanskrit and BA Sanskrit Literature are two undergraduate courses in Sanskrit that slightly differ in their course content. The two courses have been compared in the table given below.
Also check top BA Sanskrit Literature Colleges here.
|Parameters||BA Sanskrit||BA Sanskrit Literature|
|Full Form||Bachelor of Arts in Sanskrit||Bachelor of Arts in Sanskrit Literature|
|Overview||The BA Sanskrit Course consists of Literature, Grammar and Literary Criticism in Sanskrit. Along with that, it also contains writing and translation skills.||BA Sanskrit Literature majorly focuses on Sanskrit Literature and Literary Criticism. It contains very less grammatical subjects.|
|Duration||3 years||3 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 in any stream with Sanskrit as a compulsory subject||10+2 in any stream with Sanskrit as a compulsory subject|
|Examination Type||Semester-Type||Semester -Type|
|Top Colleges||Miranda House, Lady Shri Ram College For Women, Hindu College, etc.||Shri Krishna University, Swami Vivekanand University, Sangram University, etc.|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 15,000 to 50,000||INR 10,000 to 50,000|
|Job Profiles||Primary and Secondary School Teachers, Language Tutors, Translators, Content Writers, etc.||Primary and Secondary School Teachers, Literature Analyst, Literary Critics, Translators, etc.|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 1,50,000 to 2,50,000||INR 1,80,000 to 3,00,000|
Source: College Websites
Which are the Top Colleges for Studying BA Sanskrit?
The top colleges for studying BA Sanskrit in India have been tabulated below.
|NIRF Ranking 2020||College Name||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees||Average Placement Salary|
|1||Miranda House, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 14,160||INR 4,20,000|
|2||Lady Shri Ram College For Women, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 15,870||INR 6,20,000|
|3||Hindu College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 17,560||INR 5,00,000|
|9||Hans Raj College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 20,945||INR 5,00,000|
|14||Sri Venkateswara College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 12,405||INR 4,00,000|
|16||Gargi College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 12,295||INR 3,20,000|
|42||Fergusson College, Pune||Merit-Based||INR 9,245||INR 4,50,000|
Source: College Websites
Can BA Sanskrit be Studied Through Distance Learning?
The BA Sanskrit Course is offered in Distance Learning mode by many reputed universities. The candidates will be provided all the relevant materials and class lectures. However, they may have to appear in person for the term end examinations.
Some of the popular universities offering BA Sanskrit in distance learning mode are tabulated below.
|Institute||Duration of the Course||Average Fees|
|Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi||3 Years||INR 8,100|
|School of Distance Education, Calicut University, Calicut||3 Years||INR 10,000|
|Rastriya Sanskrit Sansthan (Central Sanskrit University), New Delhi||3 Years||INR 500|
BA Sanskrit College Comparison
The basic comparison between the top colleges offering BA Sanskrit Course has been given in the table on the basis of Fees, Placement Package, etc.
|Parameters||Miranda House||Lady Shri Ram College||Hindu College|
|Overview||Miranda House is one of the oldest Women's Colleges in Delhi, established in 1948. The college is graded A+ by NAAC, and has been consistently ranked as Number 1 college in India by NIRF. The college offers UG, PG, Elective, Certificate and Foreign Language courses in multiple disciplines and streams.||Lady Shri Ram College For Women was established in 1956. Currently, it has more than 2000 enrolled students. It offers UG, PG and BEd courses. Currently it is offering around 16 courses and mainly focuses on Science and Liberal Arts courses. The college focuses on curating 'confident Women' for the future.||Hindu College is one of the oldest Co-ed colleges in India, established in 1899. The college mainly focuses on Science and Arts courses. The college is graded A+ by NAAC. It offers UG and PG courses in major disciplines of Science and Liberal Arts.|
|NIRF University Ranking 2020||1||2||3|
|Admission Process||Merit Based||Merit Based||Merit Based|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 14,160||INR 15,870||INR 17,560|
|Average Placement Package||INR 4,20,000||INR 6,20,000||INR 5,00,000|
|Top Recruiters||ICICI, IDBI Bank, Thomson Reuters, DE Shaw, Outlook Group, etc.||Deloitte, Brain, Citi, BCG, KPMG, etc.||Google, Maruti, Deloitte, Essar, HDFC, etc.|
Source: College Websites
What is the Syllabus of BA Sanskrit?
The subjects taught in BA Sanskrit Course have been tabulated below according to the semester wise breakup.
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Classical Sanskrit Literature (Poetry)||Classical Sanskrit Literature (Prose)|
|Critical Survey of Sanskrit Literature||Self-Management in the Gita|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Classical Sanskrit Literature (Drama)||Indian Epigraphy, Palaeography, Chronology|
|Poetics and Literary Criticism||Modern Sanskrit Literature|
|Indian Social Institution and Polity||Sanskrit and World Literature|
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Vedic Literature||Indian Ontology and Epistemology|
|Sanskrit Grammar||Sanskrit Composition and Communication|
There will be elective subjects in Semester III, IV, V and VI. The following electives are generally offered to the BA Sanskrit candidates.
|Basic Sanskrit||Nationalism and Indian Literature|
|Indian Culture and Social Issues||Basic Principles of Ayurveda|
|Sanskrit and Other Modern Indian Languages||Fundamentals of Indian Philosophy|
|Indian Aesthetics||Indian Epigraphy and Paleography|
|Ancient Indian Polity||Indian Social System|
|Computer Applications for Sanskrit||Indian Architectural System|
|Acting and Script Writing||Reading Skills in Brahmi Scripts|
|Machine Translation: Tools and Techniques||Evolution of Indian Scripts|
Which Jobs are Offered to the BA Sanskrit Candidates?
The BA Sanskrit candidates generally get jobs in Schools, Publishing Houses, Language Schools, etc. Some of the popular job profiles along with expected salary for BA Sanskrit Candidates are tabulated below.
Source: College Websites
|Job Profiles||Job Description||Average Annual Salary|
|School Teacher||School Teachers teach school children. They teach prose, poetry and grammar of the Sanskrit Language according to the school syllabus.||INR 2,80,000|
|Language Teacher||The language teachers teach Sanskrit Language to their clients. They cover both the verbal and written aspects of the language along with grammar.||INR 2,50,000|
|Translator||Translators translate different Sanskrit Texts into other languages. They are mainly hired by the publishing houses.||INR 3,00,000|
|Content Writer||The Sanskrit Content writers write the contents for websites, newspapers, magazines or even books in the Sanskrit language.||INR 3,20,000|
|Literary Critic||Literary critics critically analyse the important works of Sanskrit Literature and publish their findings in journals or books.||INR 2,80,000|
|Copy Editor||Copy Editors edit the already written works to check for grammatical and factual errors and correct them.||INR 2,00,000|
BA Sanskrit Future Scope
After completing BA Sanskrit, the candidates usually go for higher studies. The multiple higher studies options available to these candidates are discussed below.
- The BA Sanskrit candidates can go for MA Sanskrit and MA Sanskrit Literature courses. Both these postgraduate courses are offered by many reputed universities in India. Most of the universities grant admission to these courses on the basis of merit.
- After completing MA, the candidates will be able to work as Senior Teachers in Senior Secondary Schools and Junior Colleges.
- The candidates may also do B Ed and M Ed degrees after BA and MA, if they wish to concentrate in the teaching profession.
- After completing MA, the candidates can even go for a PhD in Sanskrit. But for that, they will have to appear and qualify in the UGC-NET examination.
- The candidates can also do individual research works on various ancient Sanskrit Literatures and publish their findings either online or offline.
BA Sanskrit FAQs
Some of the most frequently asked questions in BA Sanskrit course are discussed below.
Ques. Is it compulsory to study Sanskrit in school for studying BA in Sanskrit?
Ans. Though most of the top colleges give preference to candidates with a prior base in Sanskrit, there are many other colleges who demand for a compulsory language at the school level. This language can be Sanskrit, English, Hindi or other regional language according to the preferences of the college. These candidates can also study BA Sanskrit in Distance Learning mode as well.
Ques. Does IGNOU offer BA Sanskrit in Distance Learning Mode?
Ans. Yes, IGNOU offers a 3 year long BA Sanskrit Degree course in Distance Mode. The maximum duration for completing the course is 6 years, and the course fee for the entire course is INR 8,100.
Ques. Which are the Top Three Colleges in India for studying BA Sanskrit?
Ans. According to NIRF college rankings 2020, the top three colleges for studying BA Sanskrit in India are Miranda House, Lady Shri Ram College For Women and Hindu College. All of them are located in Delhi NCR and are affiliated to the University of Delhi.
Ques. Do I need to appear in any entrance exam for admission to top BA Sanskrit Colleges?
Ans. No, most of the top BA Sanskrit colleges offer merit-based admission to the course.
Ques. What is the average fee for studying BA Sanskrit in India?
Ans. The average annual fee for studying BA Sanskrit in India ranges between INR 15,000 to 50,000, depending on the college.
Ques. What is the average annual salary earned by a BA Sanskrit candidate in India?
Ans. The average annual salary earned by a BA Sanskrit candidate ranges between INR 1,50,000 and 2,50,000, depending on the skill and potential of the candidates.
Ques. I have completed my BA Sanskrit Course but I am yet to complete my BEd. Am I eligible for school teacher jobs?
Ans. You will be eligible for jobs in pre-primary schools, primary schools, and private schools. For Secondary Government Schools, you need to have a BEd degree as well.
Ques. Does a BA Sanskrit from IGNOU hold the same value as regular full time BA Sanskrit courses?
Ans. Officially, if you have a BA Sanskrit degree from IGNOU, you will be eligible to apply in all the job positions which are open for normal full time BA Sanskrit graduates. But, some private job providers may give a slight preference to the full time candidates. Otherwise, there is no difference.