B.Sc. in Forensic Sciences is a 3- year graduate course which involves the application of scientific knowledge to the investigation of crimes. Professionals in this discipline apply their knowledge of science to analyze the evidence found at a crime scene.
|B.Sc. Forensic Sciences Colleges||B.Sc. Forensic Sciences Syllabus ||B.Sc. Courses in India|
An analysis could involve anything from an object at the crime scene, to soil, blood stains, saliva, body fluids, bones, fingerprints, DNA profiling, recovering data from computers, researching new techniques/ technology etc. B.Sc. Forensic Sciences Syllabus includes essential components such as Forensic Pathology, Psychiatry, Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Odontology (Dentistry).
p>Such professionals generally work in a lab and the deduced results and findings are then used to help solve cases and catch criminals. For pursuance of the course, eligible candidates can apply for any of these courses after a successful completion of the 10+2 qualification.
Successful graduates of the course interested in further studies in the discipline may go for pursuing the following in the subject.
The average course fee in India ranges between INR 30,000 and 2 lacs. The average annual salary offered in the country to successful graduates of the course lies between INR 1 and 5 lacs.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course
|Examination Type||Semester/ Yearly System|
|Eligibility||10+2 from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Direct admission to colleges. However, some colleges may assess students’ suitability for the course through an entrance test.|
|Course Fee||INR 30,000 - 2 lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 1 - 5 lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||CBI, Police Department, Investigation Offices, Detective Agencies etc.|
Forensic Sciences includes essential components such as Forensic Pathology, Psychiatry, Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Odontology (Dentistry). It is chiefly laboratory-based science consisting of related elements of Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, Ballistics, the Science of Fingerprinting, Questioned Documents and Impressions.
The discipline involves crime- scene investigation including fire and explosion scenes and drug laboratories. The subject applies scientific knowledge to aid in the administration of justice, and has no boundaries as far as subjects are concerned; it makes use of all faculties of science, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, among others.
Technical skill can be developed through the curriculum. However, intelligence and aptitude required in solving a crime by viewing it from various angles needs to be developed by the student through practical exposure. Good academic skills with fundamental knowledge of various fields of science is necessary.
The field also demands an eye for detail, strong analytical skills and keen observation. The ability to work with experts from other fields such as Psychology, Social Science and Statistics is a must. Ideal candidates would be comfortable working both indoors and outdoors, besides possessing the following skillsets:
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by them.
|Name||City||Average Fees in INR|
|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University||Aurangabad||32,700|
|Dr. Hari Singh Gour University||Sagar||10,610|
|Raja Bahadur Venkat Rama Reddy Women's College||Hyderabad||36,000|
|Swami Vivekananda University||Sagar||1,21,000|
|Teerthanker Mahaveer University||Moradabad||1,87,000|
The basic criterion of eligibility needed to be met for admission to the course is a Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent qualification from a recognized educational Board, with Physics, Chemistry and Biology and/ or Math as main subjects and a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
However, a few private universities in India conduct their own entrance tests for evaluating and admitting students to the course.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level. Institutes offering the course admit students based on whether they meet the minimum, set cut- off scores at the 10+2 level. A few institutes however, shortlist students based on their performance in an additional entrance test conducted at their own level.
A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below
|Introduction to Forensic Science & Criminalities|
|Practical - Inorganic Chemistry|
|Practical – Physics|
|Fundamentals of Biology|
|Law for Forensic Scientists|
|Practical - Organic Chemistry|
|Practical – Biology|
|Fundamentals of Math & Statistics|
|Fundamentals of Computer Science|
|Instrumentation & Investigation Techniques|
|Practical - Physical Chemistry|
|Practical - Forensic Science|
Careers in Forensic Sciences largely depend on one’s area of specialization. Successful graduates can find work in both government and private agencies, in hospitals and laboratories. Some corporate organizations hire graduates as Document Experts.
Other areas include anti-terrorist operations, mass disaster- management, cybercrime investigation, protection of human rights, environment, consumer and intellectual property rights. Also, such professionals find career opportunities in other areas such as civil services, banks, police, pharmaceutical industry, paint industry, clinical research, biotechnology and software. Forensic Science Laboratories (FSL) across India hires forensic scientists.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the country’s police departments hire such graduates. CBI’s Forensic Laboratory in Delhi recruits such candidates through the Union Public Service Commission exam. For pursuing freelancing in the specialty, one need a certification by the State forensics department to practice.
Some of the popular avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Crime Laboratory Analyst||Crime Laboratory Analysts work in the lab in areas like microanalysis, DNA testing etc.||4 – 6 lacs|
|Forensic Serologist||Forensic Serologists examine the physical evidence submitted in criminal cases such as homicides, sexual assaults, burglaries, robberies etc.||3 – 5 lacs|
|Forensic Architects||Forensic Architects design mortuaries and forensic science institutes.||3 - 4 lacs|
|Forensic Odontologist||Forensic Odontologists apply their knowledge of teeth/oral structures to explain deaths associated with crimes like sexual assault.||3 - 4 lacs|
|Forensic Psychiatrist||Forensic Psychiatrists integrate clinical experience, knowledge of medicine, mental health, and the neurosciences.||4 - 5 lacs|
|Forensic Toxicologist||Forensic Toxicologists examine the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.||2 - 4 lacs|
|Forensic Engineer||Forensic Engineers deal with cases of traffic accidents, fire investigations and wrongful injury cases.||5 - 6 lacs|
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