GMAT Score Calculator

    Sayantani Barman Sayantani Barman
    Study Abroad Expert

    The Graduate Management Aptitude Test or GMAT has been chosen as the most favored examination to get admission into a Business School by candidates from across the world. The number of candidates applying for this examination has been increasing each year with the increase in its popularity to provide admission into top universities with good scholarships. This examination is also the choice of all the major B-Schools as the GMAT examination tests the candidates for all the important skills that are required and are relevant to a management graduate. The GMAT Score Validity is for 5 years.

    Now, while GMAT is so popular, understanding the GMAT Score is very important as it can be highly complicated for some of the candidates who are beginning with their preparation for this examination and since there are a ton of different sections and very little information about how they affect the final score of the candidate, this becomes very confusing as well. This becomes even more challenging to understand when the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) just throws out a bunch of buzzwords like “adaptive” and “algorithm” without actually explaining them.

    This article will focus on a few tactics of the GMAC. So, if the candidate is confused about the things like:

    • What is the effect of the Verbal Ability section score on the total score of GMAT?
    • How many questions does the candidate need to get right for the 80th percentile of GMAT Quantitative Aptitude section score?
    • How to calculate a GMAT Score?
    • How the GMAT’s adaptive functions affect your GMAT score?

    GMAT Score and its breakdown

    All the sections on the GMAT exam i.e. Verbal Ability, Quantitative Aptitude, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment have different importance as far as scoring is concerned and in this section, we will break down how the GMAT score is calculated for each section, focusing mainly on the GMAT final score.

    GMAT score report includes five different scores. These include the Total scaled score, Verbal Ability Scaled Score, Quantitative Ability Scaled Score, Analytical Writing Assessment Score, and the Integrated Reasoning Score.

    The score range and the number of questions asked from each of the section are given in the below pointers:

    • Total scaled score - Score Range - 200 to 800, Number of questions - derived from the Verbal Ability Scaled Score and Quantitative Ability Scaled Score.
    • Verbal Ability Scaled Score - Score Range - 0 to 60, Number of questions - 36
    • Quantitative Ability Scaled Score- Score Range - 0 to 60, Number of questions - 31
    • Analytical Writing Assessment Score- Score Range - 0 to 6, Number of questions - 1
    • Integrated Reasoning Score- Score Range - 1 to 8, Number of questions - 12

    Thus, when the candidate receives the GMAT final score report, there are details of the five scores as detailed above, along with the information about the percentile rankings. It is important to note that the GMAT total score is without a doubt the most important part of the GMAT score report as it is the score that is most important to admissions committees considering the candidate’s application and the total GMAT score is a scaled combination of the Verbal Ability and Quantitative Ability scaled scores.

    While the final percentile score tells how well the candidate has performed when compared to other GMAT test-takers. For example, if the candidate has secured a percentile of 73, it means that the candidate has done better than 73% of test-takers. Thus, the higher the percentile ranking, the higher the percentage of GMAT test-takers the candidate has done better than. Not only that, but it is also right to assume that a higher percentile ranking makes the candidate more competitive to admissions committees.

    GMAT - an “Adaptive Test”

    Every GMAT aspirant must be aware of the fact that GMAT is a computer adaptive test (CAT) which basically means that the questions received by the candidate on the GMAT exam get harder or easier based on how well or how correctly the last question was performed or answered. So, if the candidate gets a question right, the next questions received will be slightly harder and in case the candidate has got a question wrong, the next question will be slightly easier.

    The candidate can expect to get questions that are in the middle range of difficulty at the beginning of each section which will then get a chance in the difficulty level as the candidate attempts them, so it will get harder if the candidate gets them right or easier as the candidate gets them wrong. This happens until the questions reach the appropriate difficulty level for the candidate.

    The candidate will then be fed with a range of questions right around that difficulty level (some will be easier and some will be harder) until the test calculates the exact GMAT final score. However, it is important to understand that the GMAT examination is designed in a way such that the candidate does not need to get every question right to get a high score.

    Raw to Scaled scores conversion process in GMAT

    The final score that is in the range of 200 to 800 is simply made up of the scaled score of the GMAT Quantitative Ability section and of the scaled score in GMAT Verbal Ability section. There are various factors that determine the final score on GMAT like the number of questions answered correctly, the number of questions answered, and the level of difficulty of the questions attempted.

    • Number of questions answered correctly: This factor is pretty simple as the candidate will get points based on how many questions are answered correctly, the more questions answered correctly, the more points the candidate will get.
    • Number of questions answered: This factor is fairly straightforward as the candidate needs to answer every question on the test, so for the Quantitative Ability section, the candidate has to answer 31 questions in 62 minutes and for the Verbal Ability section, 36 questions in 65 minutes.
    • Level of difficulty of the questions attempted: The third factor is definitely the most complicated since every question on the GMAT exam has an assigned difficulty coefficient which means that the test-taker who sees more difficult questions get a benefit, just like the high school students that take Advanced Placement courses that are rewarded with a weighted GPA.

    Also, GMAT constantly changes the scaled score for a particular section as the candidate answers the questions and thus, because of this fact, questions at the beginning of a section are weighted more heavily than questions at the end of a section, because of their larger influence on the types of questions that are displayed to the candidate next. So, if the question is attempted correctly right at the beginning of a section, the candidate will have more opportunities to answer more difficult questions, because there are more questions left in the section.

    GMAT Score Calculator

    As mentioned earlier, the GMAT final score is made from the combination of both the Quantitative Ability section as well as the Verbal Ability section scaled scores. However, if the candidate follows the GMAT Score Calculator, the GMAT Verbal Ability Score is particularly important and if one does really well in verbal and average in GMAT Quantitative Aptitude section, this candidate will have a higher overall GMAT total score than someone who’s strong in GMAT Quantitative Aptitude section and struggles in GMAT Verbal Ability Score.

    Thus, a GMAT score chart provides a perspective to the candidate to understand the work that is required to score well in the exam and that where the candidate stands in comparison with the rest of the candidates who have taken this exam previously.

    Also, there are many candidates who are not comfortable with one of the sections in the GMAT exam, for them there is good news i.e. if a candidate is stronger in only one of the section in the GMAT Quantitative Aptitude section or GMAT Verbal Ability section, there is still an ample opportunity for the candidate to get to a good final score on GMAT. Thus, to get to an overall GMAT score of 730, there are multiple combinations of Verbal and Quant scores that can lead to it. To get this, the candidate will need to have the individual scores of Verbal and Quantitative sections.

    Scenario: To get a GMAT Score of 730, candidates can get to such score through many different combinations, few are listed below:

    • Verbal Score: 50 and Quant Score: 40
    • Verbal Score: 46 and Quant Score: 44
    • Verbal Score: 43 and Quant Score: 47
    • Verbal Score: 40 and Quant Score: 50

    Finally, the importance of mastering any one of the subjects is always beneficial, and GMAC also understands this. Thus, candidates can take multiple mock tests to find out the stronger sections and then work hard on it. Also, the GMAT syllabus plays an important role as the candidate can become mentally strong to further strengthen the strong subject. As far as the weak subject is concerned, the candidate can finalize a few topics, through which they are getting enough score in the mocks.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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