Agriculture is defined as the science of growing plants and crops, as well as raising animals for food, and other useful materials in order to answer human needs and ensure an economic gain. Agriculture colleges in Canada combine life sciences like biology and botany with economic and social sciences to provide quality education to students. Canada is also the 5th largest agricultural exporter in the world. Over 90% of Canada’s farmers are dependent on exports.
Agriculture has a diverse sector and as a career, it provides the students with several opportunities. Canada’s international student population has tripled over the past decade to 642,000 in 2020. Overall, 404,000 international students saw their study permits in Canada approved in 2019. The agriculture colleges in Canda provide students with innovative education and research opportunities. University of Toronto in Canada is popular among students pursuing Agriculture degrees.
Later, studying in Canada gives international students the opportunity to pursue careers in research, technological advancement, agricultural consultant, farm manager, rural practice surveyor, soil scientist, agronomist, an agricultural scientist.
The average salary for any agriculture graduate can range from mid- 30,000 CAD to 80,000 CAD or higher, depending on experience and position. The total cost of living in Canada for one person is 12,000 CAD per annum approximately.
Students willing to pursue agriculture courses in Canada require:
- High grades are important in the application process. The institutions require an average grade of 70%.
- Students have to give proof of their English proficiency (IELTS, TOEFL test scores).
- Students have to give proof of their finances in order to study and live in Canada.
Top Ranked Agriculture Colleges in Canada
Following are the top universities of Canada for agriculture, according to QS rankings 2020 for Agriculture from Canadian universities/colleges:
|University/College||QS Rank 2020||Agricultural Programs|
|University of British Columbia||14||11 undergraduate, 4 Masters and 6 Doctoral.|
|University of Toronto||18||3 Undergraduate, 2 Graduate and 1 Doctoral.|
|University of Guelph||18||6 Undergraduate, 12 Masters and 9 Doctoral.|
|McGill University||51-100||4 undergraduate, 7 Masters and 6 Doctoral.|
|University of Saskatchewan||51-100||4 undergraduate, 6 graduate and 8 Doctoral.|
|Dalhousie University||151-200||9 undergraduate, 1 Masters and 1 Doctoral.|
Agriculture Courses in Canada: Specialization and Degree Types
A student can choose from the various specializations offered by different universities from Canada. There are three-degree types:
- Bachelors in Agriculture – BSc/BA/BSc Agr (Bachelor of Science in Agriculture)
- Masters in Agriculture in Canada – MSc/MF (Master of Forestry)/MASC (Masters of Applied Science)/MFS (Masters of Food Science)/MFARE (Masters of Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics)/ M Agr (Masters of Agriculture).
- Doctoral Degrees – PhD in Agriculture
There are various specializations in agriculture a student could choose from, some of them include:
|Animal Biology||Integrated Studies in Land and Food Science|
|Plant Science||Applied Animal Biology|
|Soil Science||Animal Biosciences|
|Sustainable Forest Management||Plant Agriculture|
|Forestry||Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics|
|Agriculture and Resource Economics||Agricultural Sciences.|
|Food Science||Animal Science|
|Agricultural Biology||Agricultural Economics|
|Agricultural Biotechnology||Sustainable Agricultural Systems|
Following universities offer these agriculture courses in Canada at different degree levels:
|Program||Bachelors provided at||Masters provided at||Doctoral Provided at|
|Plant Science||University of Guelph, Dalhousie University||University of Saskatchewan, British Columbia, McGill University||McGill University|
|Soil Science||McGill University||-||-|
|Forestry||University of Alberta, Lakehead University, University of New Brunswick.||University of British Columbia, Lakehead University, University of Toronto.||University of Toronto, British Columbia, New Brunswick.|
|Animal Biology||University of Guelph||-||-|
|Animal Science||University of Guelph, Alberta, Saskatchewan||McGill University||McGill University|
|Sustainable Forest Management||-||University of British Columbia||-|
|Integrated Studies in Land and Food Systems||-||University of British Columbia||-|
|Applied Animal Biology||University of British Columbia||University of British Columbia||University of British Columbia|
|Animal Biosciences||University of Saskatchewan||University of Guelph||-|
|Plant Agriculture||-||-||University of Guelph|
|Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics||University of Guelph||University of Guelph||University of Guelph|
|Agricultural Sciences||-||-||Dalhousie University|
|Agricultural Economics||Dalhousie University||McGill University, University of Saskatchewan||-|
Bachelors at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
Students wanting to pursue agriculture courses in Canada at undergraduate level have numerous options and various fields in the same to choose from:
|BSc in Applied Animal Biology||University of British Columbia||10,433|
|BSc in Plant Science||University of Guelph,||24,256|
|BSc in Agricultural Biology||University of Saskatchewan||18,357|
|BSc in Agricultural Economics||McGill University||20,192|
|BSc. in Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics||University of Guelph||24,256|
|BSc in Forestry||University of Alberta||22,226|
|BSc in Agricultural Biotechnology||University of Lethbridge||18,627|
|BSc in Animal Science||Dalhousie University||17,750|
Fees and Duration for Bachelors at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
The annual average cost to study an undergraduate program at agriculture colleges in Canada is 24,256 CAD approximately. It may vary depending on the university. The duration of the undergraduate course is 4 years.
Eligibility for Bachelors at Agriculture Colleges in Canada Admission
- Students should have an aggregate of 60% in their 12th grade. It may vary depending on the University.
- Minimum English proficiency requirement for undergraduate programs is an IELTS score of 6.5, TOFEL score of 90 or PTE score of 61.
Documents Required for Bachelors at Agriculture Colleges in Canada Admission
- Statement of Purpose (Varies Depending on the university)
- Letter of Recommendation.
- The student must have their 10 and 12 qualifying certificates.
- Academic Documents
- Subjects Required – English, Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics.
Masters at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
International students interested to pursue postgraduate agriculture courses in Canada can apply for apply programs:
|Program||University||Annual Fees (in CAD)|
|MSc in Plant Science||University of Saskatchewan||6,717|
|MSc in Forestry||University of British Columbia||8,936|
|MSc in Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics||University of Guelph||13,650|
|MSc in Agricultural Studies||University of Lethbridge||10,030|
|MSc in Plant Agriculture||University of Guelph||13,649|
|MSc in Sustainable Forest Management||University of British Columbia||8,935|
|MSc in Animal Biosciences||University of Guelph||13,649|
|MSc in Agricultural Biotechnology||University of Lethbridge||10,030|
|MSc Integrated Studies in Land and Food Systems||University of British Columbia||8,935|
|MSc in Animal Science||McGill University||18,076|
|MSc in Applied Animal Biology||University of British Columbia||8,935|
|M.A. in Agricultural Studies||University of Lethbridge||10,030|
Fees and Duration for Masters at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
The annual average course fee is 27,896.49 CAD approximately. It may vary depending on the university. The duration of the postgraduate course in agriculture in Canada is of 2 years.
Eligibility for Masters at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
- Minimum English proficiency requirement is: IELTS – 7, TOEFL – 92 and PTE – 65.
- Minimum grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 (B average) in the last 60 credit hours of study is required.
Documents Required for Masters at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
- Applicants should have a 4 years bachelor's degree.
- Academic transcripts, two academic reference letters.
Doctoral Degree at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
Students who want to pursue PhD agriculture courses in Canada have several options to choose from:
|Program||University||Years||Annual Fees (in CAD)|
|PhD in Forestry||University of British Columbia||5 years||13,704|
|PhD in Plant Science||McGill University||4 years||19,047|
|PhD in Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics||University of Guelph||4 years||10,242|
|PhD in Forest Science||Lakehead University||3-4 years||29,666|
|PhD in Animal Science||McGill University||3 years||19,047|
|PhD in Applied Animal Biology||University of British Columbia||5 years||13,704|
Fees and Duration for PhD at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
The annual average course fee is 19,109 CAD approximately. It may vary depending on the university. The duration of the doctoral course in agriculture in Canada is of 2 years or 4 years depending on the university.
Eligibility for PhD in Agriculture Colleges in Canada Admission
- GRE or GMAT is optional for the students to apply for a Ph.D. in Canada. It may also vary according to different Universities.
- Minimum English proficiency required for doctoral agriculture courses in Canada is IELTS – 6.5 TOEFL iBT – 86, TOEFL PBT – 567.
Documents Required for PhD at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
- The foremost requirement for a Ph.D. in Canada is a Master’s degree related to the field of their interest.
- Students are required to send their documents and thesis/proposal to the University or professor and wait for acceptance.
- Documents required are admission in doctoral agriculture courses in Canada – proof of scholarship/finance, writing samples, portfolio, CV, copy of passport, and testing scores.
Scholarships Available at Agriculture Colleges in Canada
International Students can choose from the different scholarships offered in Canada:
|Scholarship||Provided By||Provided To||Funding|
|Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture Graduate Scholarship||Dalhousie University||Graduate Students||Varies|
|University of Guelph Scholarships||University of Guelph||Undergraduates/Post Graduate Students||Varies|
|Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships||Government of Canada||Doctoral Students||50,000 CAD|
|York University International Student Scholarships||York University||International Students with Academic Excellence||60,000 CAD – 100,000 CAD|
|University of British Columbia Scholarship for International Students||University of British Columbia||Undergraduate Students||1,00,00,000 CAD of Awards, Scholarships and other forms of Financial Assistance|
|Carleton University Entrance Scholarships for International Students||Carleton University||Undergraduate Students with Admission Average Criteria of 80% and above||4000 CAD – 16000 CAD (Partial Scholarships)|
Scope of Pursuing Agriculture Courses in Canada
Canada is one of the largest suppliers of agricultural products in the world. As part of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Canada practices fair trading and ensures that whatever is put on the market agriculturally doesn’t have any influence on the price of crops in other countries.
- Canada’s Agricultural sector is steadily growing every year and accounts for 8% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
- The total employment percentage in Agriculture in Canada, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, is 1.487%.
- The net worth of the average farm has risen to $3.16M in 2018.
- A graduate from agriculture colleges in Canada earns around 113,000 CAD each year.
Some of the key occupations in the Agriculture industry in Canada are:
- Managers in Agriculture.
- Managers in Horticulture.
- Agricultural Representatives, Consultants and Specialists.
- Agricultural Service Contractors, Farm Supervisors, and Specialized Livestock Workers.
- General farm workers.
- Nursery and Greenhouse workers.
- Harvesting laborers.
A Ph.D. or Masters in agriculture courses in Canada allows students to explore various types of avenues and ways to minimize cost and maximize productivity.
Following are the jobs available in Canada after pursuing an agriculture course:
|Job Title||Annual Average Salary (in CAD)|
|Agricultural and Food Science Technician||112,000|
|Agricultural and Food Scientist||159,000|
|Forestry and Logging Worker||78,800|
|General Farm Assistant||83,200|
In Canada, men working in agriculture earn 6% more than women. The average annual salary women earn is 110,000 CAD approximately whereas men earn 6% more ie. 116,000 CAD.
Agriculture is more or less the most important aspect of any economy in the world as a lot depends on the raw material it produces for several activities. Agriculture as a field is always in search of some new information or processes it can use to increase productivity. Canadian universities give students ample opportunities to research in this field and come up with new and innovative ideas.