NEET 2021 Exam Pattern and Syllabus

    Neha Rani Neha Rani
    Exams Prep Master

    NEET is an entrance examination for the students who want to study medical science after class 12. NEET is conducted for admissions in MBBS and BDS courses for over 470 medical colleges and institutes in India. NEET is conducted by National Testing Agency(NTA) every year in the month of May and the results are declared usually in the month of June. NEET is based completely upon the course structure of class 11 and 12.

    The exam will be conducted offline through pen and paper based tests. NTA frames the questions for NEET mainly from 3 subjects- Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Half of the questions are from Biology and the rest half are equally from Physics and Chemistry. Some considerable features of NEET 2021 exam are stated below:

    • The duration of examination will be 3 hours

    • Questions will be objective type i.e. multiple choice questions.

    • Total number of questions will be 180 out of which 90 questions will cover Biology and Physics and Chemistry will cover 45 questions each.

    • Students can choose languages according to their comfort as there are 11 different language options available for the exam.

    NEET 2021 Marking Scheme

    NEET 2021: Marking Scheme

    There are 180 questions in the examination and each question carries 4 marks. For every correct answer 4 marks will be awarded and a penalty will be imposed on the incorrect answer. For each incorrect answer 1 mark will be deducted as a penalty. If any question has not been answered then there will be no penalty on that question. 

    The distribution of marks in NEET Examination paper are tabulated below:


    Number of Questions

    Total Marks








    Botany- 45


    Total - 90







    NEET 2021 Sample Questions

    NEET 2021: Sample Questions

    NTA has made the sample question papers available on its official website. Solving sample papers is important as it helps to understand the idea of the exam. The candidate can analyse the approach of the questions and they can evaluate their efficiency in solving the paper. Candidates can download the sample papers from the link tabulated below:


    Sample Paper

    NEET 2019 All paper

    Click here

    NEET Biology questions with solutions

    Click here

    NEET Chemistry questions with solutions

    Click here

    NEET Physics questions with solution

    Click here

    NEET 2021 Exam Pattern

    NEET 2021 Exam Pattern: Language

    There are several candidates who suffer language barriers due to lack of proficiency in English/Hindi language. But it is no more a predicament for the students. NEET has provided options for the paper in 10 different regional languages for the students. The papers are available in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Assamese, Marathi, Gujarati, Odia and Kannada.

    • Candidates can select their choice of language while filling the application form.

    • The language once selected cannot be changed

    • The candidate will be getting the question paper in the language selected by them

    • For English and Hindi language the paper will be bilingual

    • For all the other regional languages also the paper will be bilingual. For example, if a candidate has selected Bengali language the paper will be in Bengali and English.

    • The choice of languages is subjected to the relevant states only e.g. for Marathi language the center of examination can be in Maharashtra only. 

    • Similarly, Bengali will be available for centers in the state of West Bengal only and Assamese and Odia will be available for centers in the state of Assam and Orissa respectively

    • Any request for arrangement of paper in regional languages for the centers outside the concerned state shall not be entertained.

    • Students must be very careful while selecting the language and examination centers as it cannot be changed later.

    • For English, Hindi and Urdu the center can be anywhere in the country irrespective of the state boundary.

    Sample for paper in regional language(Bengali):

    NEET 2021 Syllabus

    NEET 2021: Syllabus

    The syllabus for NEET has completely been framed upon the syllabus of class 11 and 12. The theme of the questions are mainly from the NCERT books that are in the curriculum of the intermediate course. The syllabus for Physics, Chemistry and Biology are discussed below:

    NEET Syllabus 2021: Biology

    Chapters from Class 11

    Chapters from Class 12

    Diversity in the Living World


    Structural Organisations in Plants

    Genetics and Evolution

    Cell Structure and Function

    Biology and Human Welfare

    Plants Physiology

    Biotechnology and its Applications

    Human Physiology

    Ecology and Environment

    Reference Books for Biology: Biology for Class 11 and 12 by Pradeep, Objective Biology(Vol 1 & 2) by G R Bathla, Objective Biology( Vol 1,2&3) by Dinesh Publications, Objective Biology by Trueman’s Publication.

    NEET Syllabus 2021: Chemistry

    Chapters from Class 11

    Chapters from Class 12

    Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

    Solid State 

    Structure of Atom


    Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties


    Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    Chemical Kinetic

    States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

    Surface Chemistry


    Isolation of Element


    pBlock Element

    Redox Reactions

    d and f Block Element


    Coordination Compound

    sBlock Element(Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals

    Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

    Some pBlock Elements

    Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    Organic chemistry-Some Basic Principles and Techniques

    Aldehyde, Ketone and Carboxylic Acid


    Organic Compound Containing Nitrogen

    Environmental Chemistry





    Chemistry in Everyday Life

    Reference Books for Chemistry: Physical Chemistry by O.P.Tandon, Oxford’s Organic Chemistry, Concise Inorganic Chemistry, Modern ABC of Chemistry for class 11 and 12(Volume 1&2)

    NEET Syllabus 2021: Physics

    Chapters from Class 11

    Chapters from Class 12

    Physical world and measurement 



    Current Electricity

    Laws of Motion

    Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

    Work, Energy and Power 

    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

    Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

    Electromagnetic Waves



    Properties of Bulk Matters

    Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation


    Atoms and Nuclei

    Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

    Electronic Devices

    Oscillation and Waves


    Reference Books for Physics: Concepts of Physics (Part 1&2) by H.C.Verma, Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker, Physics MCQ by Deb Mukherji.

    Note: The base for all the books is NCERT and it must be followed before referring to any other book because the theme of the question paper is completely based upon the NCERT book structure.

    NEET 2021 FAQs

    NEET 2021: FAQs

    Question: Is the exam for NEET 2021 online?

    Ans. No. The exam shall be conducted in offline mode as pen and paper based test.

    Question: What is the maximum marks for NEET 2021?

    Ans. The question paper for NEET 2021 will be of 720 marks in which Biology will be covering 50% part and Physics and Chemistry will be covering 25% each.

    Question: Can I choose Marathi language with Delhi as an exam center?

    Ans. No. The papers in regional/vernacular language are strictly subjected to the concerned state.

    Question: When should I start practicing mock test papers?

    Ans. You can start solving mock test papers after covering the syllabus once. You will find out the approach and weak areas and then you can parallely move with mock practice and revisions.

    Question: Is the syllabus for NEET 2021 changed?

    Ans. As of now there are no such notifications from NTA. 

    Question: Is NCERT necessary?

    Ans. To clear NEET one must read NCERT by heart as it is an inevitable part of preparation. Also, NCERT is the base for all other reference books and sometimes there are questions directly from NCERT books.



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