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GATE Exam Pattern 2019 (Paper Pattern): Structure, Marking Scheme

Updated On - September 1st 2018 by SHIVANI TIWARI

GATE Exam Pattern 2019: With the release of official notification, IIT Madras (Organising Institute) will be releasing GATE Exam Pattern. The exam includes 2 types of Questions- MCQs & NAT. GATE is held in online mode for 24 disciplines with 3 sections namely, General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and specific subject of the paper.

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GATE 2019 is scheduled for February 02, 03, 09 & 10, 2019. Read on to know more about GATE 2019 exam pattern such as marking scheme, test structure, paper codes, preparation books, important books and other such important details.

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Highlights of GATE Exam Pattern

Exam ModeOnline
Number of Questions65
Total Marks100
Type of QuestionsMCQs and NAT
Number of Sections

3 (General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics* and Subject Specification Section)

*In place of Engineering Mathematics, Chemistry will be compulsory for Life Science (XL) Paper

Sectional Time-LimitNo

GATE Exam Paper with Codes

At present GATE is held in 23 disciplines/subjects. A candidate can appear only in any one paper of the following disciplines.  

GATE Exam Paper Codes
  • CE, CS, EC, EE and ME Papers: Examination may be conducted in multiple sessions due to increase in the number of applicants.
  • Engineering Sciences (XE) and Life Science (XL) papers are of general nature. These two papers comprise the following sections.
  • For XE Paper, Engineering Mathematics is the compulsory section while for XL, Chemistry is the compulsory section.  
GATE Exam Paper Codes

GATE Exam Pattern – (AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE)

  • Engineering Mathematics questions are compulsory and carries 15% of the total weightage (15 Marks).
  • The questions based on the subject of the exam have 70% of the total weightage (70 Marks).
  • The remaining part of GATE Question Paper includes General Aptitude questions (15% of the total weightage – 15 Marks).

GATE Exam Pattern – (AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL )

  • General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks (15 Marks).
  • Remaining 85% of the total marks will be based on the subject of the paper (85 Marks).
  • There are no question from Engineering Mathematics in these papers.
  • NAT includes questions with a value or a real number as their answer.
  • NAT questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to make an answer.
  • The answer has to be entered using the mouse. 
  • There won’t be any choices for these questions.
  • Using the keyboard must be avoided as it will lock your answer panel.
  • There will be no negative marking for NAT questions.

GATE Marking Scheme

For each of the 23 subjects, the paper covers a total of 65 questions of 100 marks. Each paper is divided into subsections and on the basis of it, marking scheme is defined. 

  • From the total of 100 marks, there will be 10 questions of 15 marks covering the entire General Aptitude section (Language and Analytical Skills).
  • General Aptitude- 5 Questions of 2 Marks each and 5 Questions of 1 Marks each.
  • Engineering Mathematics will cover approximately 15% weightage out of 100 marks for the paper bearing codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE.
  • Engineering Mathematics- 5 Questions of 2 Marks each and 5 Questions of 1 Marks each.
  • Remaining 70% weightage of total marks is acquired by the subject of the paper.
  • Subject Knowledge- 25 Questions of 2 Marks each and 20 Questions of 1 Marks each.
  • For the paper codes – AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude will cover 15% out of 100 marks, and other 85% of the total question paper will be covered by the subject of the paper.

Negative Marking in GATE Exam Pattern

  • There is no provision of negative marking in NAT questions.
  • MCQs carrying 1 marks each, 1/3 marks would be deducted as a penalty of marking the wrong answer.
  • For questions carrying 2 marks, 2/3 marks would be deducted for marking an incorrect answer.

GATE Exam Pattern for GG, XE and XL

GATE exam pattern for GG, XE and XL papers is somewhat similar to other disciplines of GATE subjects. The question paper will consist of MCQs and NAT questions. 

  • There will be four options for MCQs type questions; candidates must select the most appropriate option.
  • For giving the answer of numerical answer questions, choices will not be given. You have to enter the answer by using the virtual keyboard.
  • The answer to NAT may be a real number, signed or unsigned, e.g., 25.06, -25.06, 25, -25 etc.
  • NAT questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to make an answer.
  • An appropriate range will be considered while evaluating the numerical answer type questions so that the candidate is not penalized due to the usual round-off errors.

The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 25 questions for total 25 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 30 questions for total 60 marks (2 marks for each question)

GATE Exam Pattern for GG (Geology and Geophysics) Paper

Apart from the General Aptitude (GA) section, the Geology and Geophysics (GG) question paper consists of two parts: Part A and Part B.

  • Part A is common for all candidates.
  • Part B consists of two sections: Section 1 (Geology) and Section 2 (Geo-Physics).
  • Candidates will have to attempt questions in Part A and in Part B attempt either Section 1 or Section 2.
  • The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:
    1. Part A consist of 25 questions (MCQs) and carry 1 mark for each question so the total 25 marks (Some questions may be numerical answer type questions)
    2. Part B (Section 1 and Section 2) consists of 30 questions (MCQs Type) 2 mark for each question so the total 60 marks (Some questions may be numerical answer type questions)

GATE Exam Pattern for XE (Engineering Sciences) Paper

There are the following sections which have to be answered in GATE XE paper:

  • Section A – Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)
  • GA – General Aptitude (Compulsory)
  • Any two of XE section from B to G (as given in the paper code table)

Candidates can select two sections from B to G during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time.

Marking Scheme for GATE XE Paper

This section contains total 33 questions of total 50 marks. In GATE XE paper, the Section - A (Engineering Mathematics) is compulsory. This section contains 11 questions of total 15 marks. Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions. The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 7 questions for total 7 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 4 questions for total 8 marks (2 marks for each question)

Each of the other sections of XE paper from section B to G contains 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks. Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions. The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 9 questions for total 7 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 13 questions for total 26 marks (2 marks for each question)
SectionNo. Of 1 Mark QuestionsNo. Of 2 Marks Questions
Section A (Compulsory)74
Section B to H913

GATE Exam Pattern for XL (Life Sciences) Paper

There are the following sections which have to be answered by the candidates in GATE XL paper as given in the below:

  • Section H – Chemistry (Compulsory)
  • GA – General Aptitude (Compulsory)
  • Any two of XL sections from Q to U

Candidates can select two sections from Q to U during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time.

Marking Scheme for GATE XL Paper

This section contains total 35 questions of total 55 marks. In GATE XL paper, the Section - P Chemistry (compulsory). This section contains 15 questions of total 25 marks. Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions. The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 5 questions for total 5 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 10 questions for total 20 marks (2 marks for each question)

Each of the other sections of the XL paper from section Q to U contains 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks. Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions. The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 10 questions for total 10 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 10 questions for total 20 marks (2 marks for each question)
SectionNo. Of 1 Mark QuestionsNo. Of 2 Marks Questions
Chemistry Section / Section P510
Section Q to U1010

Types of Questions in GATE

Questions in GATE are broadly divided into Objective Type (MCQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT). In MCQs, candidates are provided with 4 choices out of which one answer is correct. A candidate has to mark the correct choice by clicking on the radio button against the option.

Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

  • NAT includes questions with a value or a real number as their answer.
  • NAT questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to make an answer.
  • The answer has to be entered using the mouse. 
  • There won’t be any choices for these questions.
  • Using the keyboard must be avoided as it will lock your answer panel.
  • There will be no negative marking for NAT questions.

Questions Based on General Aptitude 

Apart from questions based on the subjects, the paper will also contain the questions to test the ability of your General Ability like- Language and Analytical Skills. 15% weightage of total marks is devoted to General Aptitude section in all the papers. The distribution of the questions and marks is described below:

  • 5 questions for total 5 marks (1 mark for each question)
  • 5 questions for total 10 marks (2 marks for each question)

The pattern of questions in GATE exam are explained below:

  1. Recall: This includes questions based on facts, principles, formulae and laws of discipline. The candidate has to mark an answer either directly from a memory or from one line computation.
  2. Comprehension: These type of questions test the candidate’s basic understanding of the field they belong to. The candidates have to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas in these type of questions.
  3. Application: These are the logical reasoning based questions wherein the candidates have to answer according to their knowledge through computation.
  4. Analysis and Synthesis: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognizing unstated assumptions or separating useful information from irrelevant information.

Important Topics for GATE (Subject-wise)

Since GATE is a national level entrance examination, candidates must prepare well for it for admissions to the desired college or for recruitment to the desired PSU. Check out the list of important topics from each paper code to aid preparations for GATE:

Important Topics for GATE Civil Engineering (CE)

The candidates must concentrate more on the topics given below while preparing for GATE Exam for Civil Engineering (CE):

  • Strength of Materials
  • Geo Technical
  • Irrigation and Hydrology
  • Highway and Surveying
  • Environmental Engineering

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for Civil

Important Topics for GATE CSE (Computer Science and Information Technology)

The candidates are asked the maximum number of questions from the topics given below in the GATE Exam for Computer Science and Information Technology (CS):

  • Programming and Data Structures
  • Operating Systems
  • Computer Organization and Architecture
  • Algorithms
  • Theory of Computation
  • Database
  • Computer Networks

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for CSE

Important Topics for GATE EE (Electrical Engineering)

There are questions from engineering mathematics and aptitude in this paper code as well while there are few topics from the subject that carry higher weightage in the GATE Exam. The important topics from Electrical Engineering are given below:

  • Network Theory
  • Analog & Digital Electronics
  • Power Systems
  • Control Systems
  • Signal and System

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for Electrical Engineering

Important Topics for GATE ECE (Electronics and Communication Engineering)

This paper code has the maximum weight age of questions based on the subject. There are questions based on aptitude and engineering mathematics as well. The important topics for the preparation of technical questions asked in GATE EC Exam are given below:

  • Analog Circuits
  • Network Theory
  • Communication Systems
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Signal and Systems
  • Control Systems

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for ECE

Important Topics for GATE Mechanical Engineering (ME)

The candidates can check the important topics from the mechanical engineering syllabus for GATE below:

  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Thermodynamics
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Theory of Mechanics
  • Fluid Mechanics

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for ME

Important Topics for GATE Instrumentation Engineering (IN)

There are questions from various topics of instrumentation engineering studied during the Bachelor programme in GATE. Candidates can revise the following topics thoroughly to crack the GATE Exam for Instrumentation Engineering:

  • Transducers
  • Analog Circuits
  • Control Systems
  • Circuit and Networks
  • Digital Circuits

Check Detailed GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering


GATE Sample Papers

Solving GATE sample papers are really helpful in enhancing the preparation for the exam. In the table given below, we have provided you a list of paper along with codes and also the available link of sample paper for each subject.

CodePaper/ Subject NamePaper LinkCodePaper/ Subject NamePaper Link
AEAerospace EngineeringGet HereGGGeology and GeophysicsGet Here
AGAgricultural EngineeringGet HereINInstrumentation EngineeringGet Here
ARArchitecture and PlanningGet HereMAMathematicsGet Here
BTBiotechnologyGet HereMEMechanical EngineeringME 01ME 02ME 03
CECivil EngineeringCE 01CE 02 MNMining EngineeringGet Here
CHChemical EngineeringGet HereMTMetallurgical EngineeringGet Here
CSComputer Sc. and Information TechnologyCS 01, CS 02CS 03PHPhysicsGet Here
CYChemistryGet HerePIProduction and Industrial EngineeringGet Here
ECElectronics and Communication Engg.EC 01EC 02EC 03TFTextile Engineering and Fibre ScienceGet Here
EEElectrical EngineeringEE01EE02XEEngineering SciencesXE- AXE-BXE- CXE-DXE- EXE-FXE- G
EYEcology and EvolutionGet HereXLLife SciencesXL- HXL-IXL- JXL-KXL- LXL-M

Subject Specialization Priority

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

  • VLSI Design Tool Technology
  • Integrated Electronics & Circuits
  • Micro Electronics
  • Microwave Engineering
  • Communication Engg
  • Telecommunication Technology & Management
  • Optoelectronics & Optical Communication
  • Nanotechnology
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Control & Automation

Electrical Engineering

  • Power Electronics
  • Machines & Drives
  • Power Systems
  • Control & Automation
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Instrumentation Technology

Mechanical Engineering

  • Design of Mechanical Equipment or Machine Design
  • Thermal Engineering
  • Manufacturing Science & Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Material Science & management

Civil Engineering

  • Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Construction Engineering &Management
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Rock Engineering & Underground Structure

Computer Science and Engineering & Information Technology

  • Computer Science
  • Information Technology
  • Information Security
  • Software Engineering
  • Distributed Computing
  • Image Processing
  • Computer Systems and Hardware
  • Database and Information Systems
  • Programming languages
  • Computer Networks and Distributed Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Advanced Computing

GATE Preparation Books

There are plenty of GATE preparation books available but the major problem comes in selecting the best ones for MCQs. Though there is not a single book for preparation of all the subjects of a particular branch. The table below displays name of some of the best-selling books along with their subject and their ISBN number.

GATE Preparation Books

Name of the SubjectName of the BookISBN Number
Computer Science and Information TechnologyGATE Guide Computer Science and Information Technology9789386309747
Civil EngineeringGATE Guide Civil Engineering9789386309730
Mechanical EngineeringGATE Guide Mechanic Engineering 20199789386309778
Electronics and Communication EngineeringGATE Guide Electronics and Communication Engineering 20199789386309761
Civil EngineeringGATE Civil Engineer (22 year’s Chapter-wise Solved Paper)9789386309785
Electrical EngineeringGATE Guide Electrical Engineering 20199789386309754

GATE 2019 Important Instructions

  • While appearing for the examination, students must carry valid admit card and original photo identity proof along with them
  • Printed or hand-written material inside the examination hall is strictly prohibited
  • Mobile phones or any other electronic device cannot be used inside the examination hall
  • Candidates will be provided scribble pads by the invigilators for rough work. They are required to write his/ her name and registration number on the pad
  • Any kind of communication forms are also strictly prohibited inside the examination hall
  • Students must report at the examination venue 60 minutes before the commencement of the examination
  • Candidates will be allowed to appear for the examination only after the credentials are verified.
  • Applicants will be permitted to occupy their seats 35 minutes before the start of the examination.
  • Students are not permitted to leave the examination hall before the end of the examination.

Instructions for PwD and Dyslexic Candidates

  • The facility of the scribe is only for the PWD Candidates who have difficulty in writing the paper including that of speed.
  • The scribe will be provided by the examination conducting authorities.
  • The additional/compensatory time will be applicable only to such candidates. 
  • Also, dyslexic candidates can avail the facility of the scribe. They need to submit the certificate of dyslexia issued by competent authorities.
  • There will be a magnified question paper for the visually handicapped candidate.
  • Candidate after reaching the exam center can request the invigilator for the same.

GATE 2019 Exam Pattern FAQs

Ques. What type of questions will be asked in GATE 2019, subjective or objective?

Ans. GATE 2019 will contain two types of questions, Multiple choice questions (MCQ’s) and Numerical Answer type (NAT) questions.

Ques. Can I attempt/sit for 2 GATE papers?

Ans. A candidate can only sit for 1 paper.

Ques. GATE 2019 paper will be of how much duration?

Ans. Time duration allotted to candidates for GATE 2019 is three hours.

Ques. Is GATE an offline exam or online exam?

Ans. GATE is a computer-based i.e. online exam.

Ques. Are the Numerical Answer type (NAT) questions subjective type?

Ans. No, the Numerical answer type (NAT) questions are answered by choosing the numerical that make the final answer.

Ques. Where can I do the rough work for NAT questions during the exam?

Ans. Every candidate will be given a supplement for calculations and rough work during a GATE exam.

Ques. How many questions are asked in GATE?

Ans. In one GATE exam paper, there are 65 questions.

Ques. Is it compulsory to attempt all questions in GATE?

Ans. Yes, all questions asked in GATE exam are compulsory.

Ques. Will I get any negative marks for answering a question with a wrong answer in GATE?

Ans. Yes, a candidate will get negative marks depending on the type of questions for every wrong answer.

Ques. What are the total marks of a GATE Paper?

Ans. A GATE exam paper is of 100 marks each, consisting of 1 mark, 1.5 mark, and 2-mark questions.

Ques. What is the additional type of questions asked in GATE?

Ans. Apart from the course-based questions, candidates are also asked questions related to Common Data and General Aptitude.

Ques. How many marks are allotted to each question in GATE?

Ans. GATE consists of questions of 1 mark and 2 marks.

Ques. What is the negative marking for a wrong answer for the 1-mark question in GATE?

Ans. A candidate will lose 1/3rd marks for every wrong answer to the 1-mark question in GATE.

Ques. Is the negative marking similar to 1-mark and 2-marks questions in GATE?

Ans. No, the negative markings for 1-mark and 2-marks questions in GATE are not similar. The negative marking for a 1-mark question is 1/3rd mark whereas the negative marking for a 2-marks question is 2/3rd marks.

Ques. What is common in all the 23 GATE Papers?

Ans. Apart from the time duration and other basic similarities, another common feature is Engineering Mathematics questions that are asked in every paper other than general aptitude section.

Ques. How many marks are allotted to Engineering Mathematics based questions in GATE?

Ans. In every GATE paper, 15% of marks are allotted to Engineering Mathematics questions.

Ques. Which questions in GATE papers are for 2 marks?

Ans. Question number 26 to question number 51 and question number 61 to question number 65 are all 2marks questions.

Ques. What are the 1- marks questions in GATE exam paper pattern?

Ans. The questions between question number 1 to question number 25 and question number 56 to question number 60 are all 1-mark questions.

Ques. Are only MCQ type questions of 1 marks?

Ans. No, there are 1-mark questions of both types, Multiple choice questions as well as Numerical answer type questions.

Ques. 2-marks questions are allotted to what type of questions?

Ans. 2-marks are allotted to some multiple-choice questions as well as some numerical answer type questions.

Ques. Can I use a calculator during examination?

Ans. Yes, students can use a calculator during GATE exam.

Ques. Can I use any type of calculator for GATE exam?

Ans. No, candidates can only use the online scientific calculator during GATE exams.

Ques. Is GATE 2019 only held in India?

Ans. No, GATE exam is also held internationally in countries such as UAE, Bangladesh, Nepal, Ethiopia and etc.

Ques. Is there any negative marking for numerical answer type questions?

Ans. No, there is no negative marking for numerical answer type questions asked in GATE.

Ques. Can only Engineering students appear for GATE?

Ans. No, candidates appearing for GATE can be from Engineering, Technology or Architecture background.

Ques. Highest marks are allotted to which section in GATE?

Ans. The technical section holds the highest number of marks i.e. 70% of marks in every GATE paper.

Ques. Engineering Mathematics based questions are asked in all GATE papers?

Ans. No, question papers bearing the code AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, and XL do not consist of Engineering Mathematics questions.

Ques. Are fixed marks allotted to Numeric Answer Type questions?

Ans. No, there isn’t some fixed marks allotted to Numeric Answer type question, it may vary between 25 to 40 marks.


*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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Comments

Comments


3 Comments
SUPRIYA SUMAN

CUT OFF MARKS FOR JTO TROUGH GATE

17 Sep, 2018 00:20
Akansha Expert

Hi Supriya, You may please check the official website to get the information about the cut off.

17 Sep, 2018 13:31
pavi cute

suggest me a study material book for architectural and planning

13 Sep, 2018 16:14
Akansha Expert

Hi Pavi, please check this link for getting the Book for Preparation.

13 Sep, 2018 17:17
Akm

EE having how many marks in paper of gate?

26 Jul, 2017 00:20
sangeeta rawat

Hello AKM, To know the E.E cut off please find this link GATE CUT OFF

26 Jul, 2017 10:46

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